African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Climatization for scheduled ripening of caja-manga

Ana Paula Silva Siqueira
  • Ana Paula Silva Siqueira
  • Departamento de Tecnologia em Alimentos, Instituto Federal Goiano, Campus Morrinhos, Rodovia BR-153, km 633, Zona Rural, CEP: 75650-000, Morrinhos-GO, Brazil.
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Luis Henrique Costa Vasconcelos
  • Luis Henrique Costa Vasconcelos
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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Eduardo Pradi Vendruscolo
  • Eduardo Pradi Vendruscolo
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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Bianca Schott da Silva Custódio
  • Bianca Schott da Silva Custódio
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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Daianna Pereira Costa
  • Daianna Pereira Costa
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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Tatiana Carvalho Faria
  • Tatiana Carvalho Faria
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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Alexsander Seleguini
  • Alexsander Seleguini
  • Departamento de Agronomia-Produção Vegetal, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Escola de Agronomia, Campus Samambaia, Rodovia Goiânia/Nova Veneza, Km 0, CEP 74690-900, Goiânia, GO, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 16 August 2016
  •  Accepted: 15 September 2016
  •  Published: 09 February 2017

Abstract

Being a climacteric fruit, the caja harvested still green has uneven ripening. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of ripening techniques aiming to promote a uniform ripening and reduction of quality loss in caja-manga fruits. The treatments resulted from the application of four ripening techniques (control, muffled, ethrel, and calcium carbide) and they were evaluated in 5 times, with 3 days intervals, for 12 days (0, 3, 6, 9, and 12 days). The fruits were evaluated physico-chemically with respect to soluble solids, titratable acidity, ratio, firmness, and color. Although, all treatments promoted the fruit ripening, ethrel showed homogenous and consistent fruit characteristics with ripening reactions in 6 days, being considered the best treatment. It showed intense yellow color (85 Hue), weight loss of about 5% compared to other treatments and tissue softening (29 N firmness) and increase in soluble solids (Brix 11°).

Key words: Spondias mombin L., exotic fruits, Ethrel, carbide.