Soil acidity has been the major limiting factor to farming activities in the tropics and subtropics. The objective of this study was to verify the efficacy of special liming materials, when compared with the dolomitic limestone, regarding the correction of soil acidity with variable charge in controlled conditions. Samples of a Typic Dystrudept and Rhodic Hapludox were collected from a of layer 0-20 cm, and used to carry out two experiments in a completely randomized design of 4 x 4 x 8 factorial design. Four liming materials were studied: dolomitic limestone (DL), granulated micronized calcite (GMC), granulated micronized dolomite (GMD) and carbonated suspension (CS). After they have been characterized, each liming material was added to the soils using doses that aimed to increase the base saturation (V) to 50, 70 and 90% and a control treatment was included. The treated soil samples were incubated at 23 ± 2°C and 60% soil water retention capacity for eight periods (0, 7, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days). The attributes active (pH), potential (H+Al) and exchangeable (Al3+) acidity and V were evaluated. The special liming materials GMC and CS were efficient enough to reduce the active potential and exchangeable acidity, and increase V in soils with variable charge.
Key words: Micronized liming materials, carbonated suspension, soil reaction, Inceptisol, Oxisol.
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