African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6401

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of fish consumption in the state of Qatar: Post blockade

Sana Abusin
  • Sana Abusin
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, P. O. Box 2317 Doha, Qatar.
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Noor Al-Emadi
  • Noor Al-Emadi
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, P. O. Box 2317 Doha, Qatar.
  • Google Scholar
Engi Elmaghraby
  • Engi Elmaghraby
  • Social and Economic Survey Research (SESRI), Qatar University, P. O. Box 2317 Doha, Qatar.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 17 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 29 September 2020
  •  Published: 30 November 2020

Abstract

This study used a count data model to analyse the factors that affect fish consumption in Qatar after the blockade; aiming for effective evaluation, formulation and implementation, of policies for the fishery sector. To achieve this, the community of Qatar is divided into three groups based on their fish consumption rate: high, moderate, and low consumer. The determinants of fish consumption were confirmed using the Poisson model, namely demographic and attitude variables. The findings showed that consumption rates were high (90%); both Qataris and White-collars belonged to the moderate consumers group (52 and 41%, respectively), while Blue-collars occupied the larger portion of the highest consumer category (36%). Fish consumption determinants in Qatar with positive effect included employment, health awareness, and number of children; in contrast, negative determinants included higher level of education, high price, and accessibility to purchase fish.  The study is the first to focus on socio-economics and attitudinal variables to understand the factors that determine fish consumption that in turn, encourages policy formulation. The study supports the government policy to open foreign investment opportunities to meet consumption demands and preserve marine resources. Furthermore, managers may use information on fish species to manage fish stock, especially identifying fish species that are highly consumed. They will therefore formulate the necessary policies for sustainable marine fishery.

Key words: Marine, consumption, Qatar, blockade, tilapia, sustainability.