African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

An analysis of hybrid sterility in rice (Oryza sativa L.) using genetically diverse germplasm under temperate ecosystem

S. Najeeb, M. Ashraf Ahangar* and S. H. Dar
SHER-I-KASHMIR University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology, Kashmir Mountain Research Centre for Field Crops Khudwani, Anantnag, 192102, Ashmir, India.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 18 July 2013
  •  Published: 26 July 2013

Abstract

Sixty cross combinations consisting of 15 intervarietal indica, 15 intervarietal japonica and 15 crosses each of inter-subspecific and three-way crosses were generated through different mating patterns in kharif 2008 and evaluated for hybrid sterility under two different agroecologies of Kashmir during kharif 2009. The estimates of pollen and spikelet sterility were very high in indica /japonica crosses followed by indica/indica andjaponica/japonica crosses. The magnitude of pollen and spikelet sterilities were observed high in L1 × T1followed by L4 × T3, L1 × T3, L5 × T3, L3 × T3 and so on all belonging to inter-subspecific group. The mean estimates of pollen and spikelet sterilities of different crossing blocks were very high when compared to their corresponding parental mean. Only inter-subspecific cross L1 × T2 yielded pollen and spikelet sterilities of less than 50% and another three crosses revealed a range between 50 and 70% for these traits. Five crosses were grouped as highly sterile by depicting sterility estimates greater than 70%. The mean estimates of pollen sterility and spikelet sterility for inter-subspecific crosses got reduced to the level of 30.80 and 25.75% respectively through three-way crosses by deploying wide compatibility cultivar (WCV) (Dular) as bridging parent. The estimated mean percentage overcome was 36.62% for pollen sterility and 63.92% for spikelet sterility. Such kind of modest attempt has widened the genetic variability by combining the genetic background across the two sub species and tailors the new genotypes. This in turn has paved way for the concept of ideotype breeding for unique cold temperate agroecologies.

 

Key words: Hybrid sterility, inter-subspecific crosses, intra-subspecific crosses, rice, wide compatibility cultivar (WCV).