African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6200

Full Length Research Paper

Pig compost for the formation of coffee seedlings in the substrate composition

Felipe Santinato
  • Felipe Santinato
  • Agronomic Institute of Campinas, IAC, Avenida Barão de Itapura, 1,481 Botafogo, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
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Carlos Diego da Silva
  • Carlos Diego da Silva
  • Federal University of Viçosa, UFV, Campus Rio Paranaíba, Highway MG-230, km 7, 38810-000, Rio Paranaíba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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Renato de Mello Prado
  • Renato de Mello Prado
  • Department of Soils and Fertilizers, UNESP State University of São Paulo "Júlio de Mesquita Filho", Jaboticabal Campus, Path of Access Prof. Paulo Donato Castellane, s / n, 14884-900, Jaboticabal, São Paulo, Brazil.
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Caio Fernando Eckhardt Souza
  • Caio Fernando Eckhardt Souza
  • Federal University of Viçosa, UFV, Campus Rio Paranaíba, Highway MG-230, km 7, 38810-000, Rio Paranaíba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves
  • Victor Afonso Reis Gonçalves
  • Federal University of Viçosa, UFV, Campus Rio Paranaíba, Highway MG-230, km 7, 38810-000, Rio Paranaíba, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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Roberto Santinato
  • Roberto Santinato
  • MAPA/Procafé, Street of Margaridas, 783 - Chácara Primavera - CEP: 13087-450 Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 30 July 2018
  •  Accepted: 13 September 2018
  •  Published: 07 March 2019

Abstract

Pigs can be used in the formation of coffee seedlings; it gradually provides essential nutrients for the development of plants, in addition to promoting the improvement of the substrate and water retention. It was decided, with this work, to evaluate the use of pig compost in the formation of coffee seedlings. The topics studied were: T1 - Witness (absence of organic compound); T2-30% concentration of cattle compost; T3-15% concentration of pig compost; T4 - 30% concentration of  pig compost; T5 - 45% concentration of  pig compost. The five treatments were arranged in a randomized block design, with five replications. The best treatment for plant height and collection diameter was 45% of pig compost. The best results for the total dry matter were obtained with treatments with 30 and 45% of pig compost. The compost based on pig manure at 30% stood out in comparison to the standard cattle manure at 30%, providing higher levels of M, O, P, Mg and micronutrients (B, Cu, Mn, Zn). The use of 30 or 45% of manure-based compost produces coffee seedlings similar to the 30% of cattle manure composting.

Key words: Dejects, organic matter, Coffea arabica.