African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Viability of the use of grass in the cultivation of the medicinal mushroom Ganoderma lucidum

André Luiz Merthan Saad
  • André Luiz Merthan Saad
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 – Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil.
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Otavio Augusto Pessotto Alves Siqueira,
  • Otavio Augusto Pessotto Alves Siqueira,
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 – Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil.
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Olívia Gomes Martins
  • Olívia Gomes Martins
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 – Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil.
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Sthefany Rodrigues Fernandes Viana
  • Sthefany Rodrigues Fernandes Viana
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 – Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil.
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Meire Cristina Nogueira de Andrade
  • Meire Cristina Nogueira de Andrade
  • Universidade do Sagrado Coração, USC, Cento de Ciências Exatas e Sociais Aplicadas. Rua Irmã Arminda 10-50 – Jardim Brasil, 17011-160 Bauru, SP, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 28 June 2016
  •  Accepted: 18 January 2017
  •  Published: 23 February 2017

Abstract

The objective of this work was to evaluate the use of ten types of grasses as base substrate for the cultivation of strain GLM-10/02 of Ganoderma lucidum, considering the chemical characterization of the substrates, the biological efficiency (BE), the quantification of fresh and dry basidiomata and the number of basidiomata as evaluation criteria. Ten treatments were outlined, made up with napier or elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum), marandu grass (Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu), aruana grass (Panicum maximum cv. Aruana), massai grass (Panicum maximum cv. Massai), mombaça grass (Panicum maximum cv. Mombaça), brachiaria grass (Brachiaria decumbens cv. Basilisk), humidícola (Brachiaria humidicola cv. humidicola), xaraés grass (B. brizantha cv. Xaraés), tifton (Cynodon species cv. Tifton 85), piatã grass (B. brizantha cv. BRS Piatã) and a control treatment based on eucalyptus sawdust. All the treatments had 80% of grass, 18% of wheat bran and 2% of limestone, with humidity adjusted to 60%. The treatments based on B. brizantha cv. Aruana (aruana) and Cynodon spp. cv. Tifton 85 (tifton) showed the best results, with 22.9 and 25% of BE, respectively. These data showed that not all grasses used in the experiment have the same fungal biomass conversion and it was concluded that B. brizantha cv. Aruana (aruana) and Cynodon spp. cv. tifton 85 (tifton) were the most indicated grasses for the cultivation of G. lucidum.

 

Key words: Productivity, biological efficiency, substrates, fungi.