African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Review

Air pollution and their mitigation measures in Brazilian poultry production

Felipe Santos Dalólio
  • Felipe Santos Dalólio
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa, Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-000, Brasil.
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Jadir Nogueira da Silva
  • Jadir Nogueira da Silva
  • Department of Agricultural Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa, Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 36570-000, Brasil.
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Luiz Fernando Teixeira Albino
  • Luiz Fernando Teixeira Albino
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Viçosa, Av. Peter Henry Rolfs, s/n, Viçosa, Minas Gerais, 36570- 000, Brasil.
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Joerley Moreira
  • Joerley Moreira
  • Department of Animal Science, Federal University of Vales of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri, Campus Diamantina, Rodovia MG 367, nº 5000 – Alto do Jacuba, Diamantina, Minas Gerais, 39100-000, Brasil.
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Luciano Barreto Mendes
  • Luciano Barreto Mendes
  • Institute for Agricultural and Fisheries Research Technology and Food Science - Agricultural Engineering, Burg. Van Gansberghelaan 115 bus 1 - 9820 Merelbeke – Belgium.
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  •  Received: 27 August 2015
  •  Accepted: 15 October 2015
  •  Published: 10 December 2015

Abstract

The Brazilian broiler industry is the most prominent branch in farming, due to its high levels of productivity. However, there is a growing concern about the environmental damages caused by such an activity, in special the atmospheric air pollution, as a consequence of the high volume of residues generated and the damages made to the environment. Air pollution, despite being most of the time detected by undesirable odoriferous substances, can be caused by numerous atmospheric pollutants such as particulate matter, odorless gases, non-volatile compounds, amongst others. This negatively impacts the health of both humans and animals, as well as of the surrounding ecosystem. Broiler production can be understood as a range of steps necessary to poultry meat production. Hence, their emissions can be computed all the way from the grain production, the feed fabrication, the poultry farming to, finally, the slaughtering and recycling of animal based products. As the poultry chain is well-segmented in its functions, it is necessary to establish and quantify the real impacts caused by its sectors and define mitigation controlling measures in regards to air pollutants.

Key words: Air quality, atmospheric pollutants, control, environment, productivity.