African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576


The sustainability of cotton production using genetically modified seeds by emerging smallholder farmers in South Africa: a global and African pesrpective

Magicson Mthembu1, Cliff S. Dlamini2* and Banele Nkambule3
1Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences (Centre for Sustainable Agriculture), University of the Free State, South Africa. 2WWF South Africa, C/O Table Mountain Fund, Centre for Biodiversity Conservation, Kirstenbosch National Botanical Gardens, P. O. Box 23273, Claremont, 7735, South Africa. 3World Vision Swaziland, P. O. Box 2870 Mbabane Swaziland.
Email: [email protected], [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 22 July 2013
  •  Published: 22 August 2013


This review focuses on the sustainability of adoption of genetically modified seeds by developed countries like United States, Australia and developing countries such as China and India. It then zooms into the African perspective in relation to countries that adopted Bt cotton. The review indicates that the Bt technology has played a critical role improving cotton yields and reduce the cost of regular spraying for bollworm insects. South Africa is one of the few developing countries, and the only one in Africa that has adopted genetically modified crops for commercial production.


Key words: Sustainability, Bt cotton, Bacillus thuringiensis, smallholder farmers, genetically modified.