African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6473

Review

Water resources and food security in Algeria: Diagnosis and new strategy proposition

BOUCHENTOUF Salim
  • BOUCHENTOUF Salim
  • Laboratory of Natural Products and Bioactives, University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
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BENABDELI Khéloufi
  • BENABDELI Khéloufi
  • Laboratoire Géo-Environnement, Université de Mascara, Algeria.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 09 August 2020
  •  Accepted: 30 October 2020
  •  Published: 31 March 2021

Abstract

Algeria as an important North African and Mediterranean country with remarkable bioclimatic, edaphic, and political characteristics is under many sorts of negative stress affecting considerably alimentary dependence. Today, Algerian agriculture presents a worrying record. Several warning signs show that the sector is only surviving thanks to massive imports of milk, grains, seeds and chemical fertilizers. The current agricultural model is overtaken by dependence on foreign markets and recourse to costly public subsidies which come exclusively from revenues derived from hydrocarbon exports. Indeed, Algeria is located in region characterized by high water deficit and, poor hydraulic potential, affecting considerably the economy and food security.  This situation is more due to mismanagement than an inability to produce enough and healthy food for all Algerians. The current governance is totally inappropriate. The solution mainly involves training, research and technology transfer. In the present perspective paper, we identify with real statistics, organizational, structural, technical, and ecological deficiency causing the suicidal alimentary dependence with alarming repercussion on health and economy. A series of items are proposed to be adopted in order to enable food security in view of available and mobilizable natural resources.

Keywords:  Natural resources, water capacity, agricultural production, land management, food security, Algeria.

Abbreviation

ANRH, National Agency for Water Resources; APS, Algerian press service;  CFS, Council Food Security; CNES, Economic and social national council;  EQH, equivalent-inhabitant; FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization; MAE, Algerian Ministry of Energy; MRE, Ministry of Water Resources; OECD, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development; ONS, National Statistics Office; PNE, National water policy; TAA, total agricultural area; UAA, useful agricultural area; WEF, water-energy food approach; WWAP, World Water Assessment Program; WWTP, Wastewater treatment plant.