African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Review

Irradiation alone or combined with other alternative treatments to control postharvest diseases

Cemile Temur
  • Cemile Temur
  • Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Seyrani Agriculture, Erciyes University, Kayseri, 38039, Turkey.
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Osman Tiryaki
  • Osman Tiryaki
  • Department of Plant Protection, Faculty of Seyrani Agriculture, Erciyes University, Kayseri, 38039, Turkey.
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  •  Accepted: 17 December 2012
  •  Published: 15 February 2013

Abstract

 

The postharvest diseases are considered worldwide as the most significant issue for postharvest facilities. Although there are various methods to decrease postharvest losses, consumers are looking for agricultural product free of chemicals. It is therefore necessary to develop alternatives to synthetic chemical control to reduce environmental risks and raise consumer confidence. Several alternatives such as food irradiation show promise, but none alone is as effective as fungicides. A strategy must be developed that combines several of these alternatives to enhance their effectiveness. Therefore, there is a need for a method combining couple of methods together. A combination for this purpose can be irradiation with other treatment such as, heating, cooling and sodium carbonate/sodium bicarbonate treatment. The safety of irradiated food is declared by joint FAO/JAEA/WHO Expert Committee for food irradiation. In this study, advantages and disadvantages of irradiation, and combination with various other treatments were evaluated and recommendations were provided to minimize the postharvest losses.

 

Key words: Irradiation, postharvest disease, combined treatment.