African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Multivariate analysis of the genetic divergence among populations of ornamental pepper (Capsicum annuum L.)

Júlio Carlos Polimeni de Mesquita
  • Júlio Carlos Polimeni de Mesquita
  • Instituto Agronômico de Pernambuco – IPA. Av. Gen. San Martin, 1371, 50761-000, Recife - PE, Brazil.
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Elizanilda Ramalho do Rêgo
  • Elizanilda Ramalho do Rêgo
  • Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. Rodovia PB-079, 58397-000, Areia – PB, Brazil.
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Anderson Rodrigo da Silva
  • Anderson Rodrigo da Silva
  • Instituto Federal Goiano. Rod. Geraldo Silva Nascimento, Km 2.5, 75200-000, Urutaí – GO, Brazil.
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João José da Silva Neto
  • João José da Silva Neto
  • Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. Rodovia PB-079, 58397-000, Areia – PB, Brazil.
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Lucas Chaves Cavalcante
  • Lucas Chaves Cavalcante
  • Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. Rodovia PB-079, 58397-000, Areia – PB, Brazil.
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Maílson Monteiro do Rêgo
  • Maílson Monteiro do Rêgo
  • Laboratory of Plant Biotechnology, Universidade Federal da Paraíba. Rodovia PB-079, 58397-000, Areia – PB, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 06 September 2016
  •  Accepted: 14 October 2016
  •  Published: 20 October 2016

Abstract

The genus Capsicum presents a wide genetic variability. The most common way to determine this variability has been based upon morphological descriptors. We studied the genetic divergence among populations of ornamental pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) using two different multivariate techniques: Cluster analysis and canonical discriminant variables. The analyses enabled us to determine the morphological descriptors that contributed most to the genetic divergence. The study was carried out in a greenhouse in the Northeastern Brazil, in two years: 2013 and 2014. The experimental design was the completely randomized design, considering two crossed factors: Population and years. Thirteen populations of ornamental pepper were evaluated based on sixteen plant descriptors, six flower descriptors and ten fruit descriptors; eight F3 populations, resulting from crossing the accessions 134 (P-9) and 77.1 (P-10), and five additional control populations: P-9, P-10, P-11, P-12 and P-13. There was an agreement between the two multivariate techniques in terms of distance between populations. Fruit descriptors contributed most to the genetic divergence, separating the populations used as control (P-11, P-12 and P-13) from the others. This separation is due to the uniformity of these populations in terms of fruit size and weight.

Key words: Canonical variables, morphoagronomic descriptors, genetic resources, genetic variability.

Abbreviation

PH, plant height; CD, canopy diameter; FFH, first fork height;  SD,   stem  diameter;  LL,  leaf  length;  LW,  leaf width; FL, fruit length; FLD, fruit largest diameter; FSD, fruit smallest diameter; PL, peduncle length; PT, pericarp thickness; PCL, placenta length; FL/FLD, the ratio between fruit length and fruit largest diameter; FW, fruit weight; DMC, dry matter content; NSF, the number of seeds per fruit; MANOVA, multivariate analysis of variance; Can1, first canonical variable; Can2, Second canonical variable.