African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Analyses of constraints related to milk production in Liptako Gourma in Niger

Gagara Mariama
  • Gagara Mariama
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)/UAC – 01 BP 2009 Cotonou.
  • Google Scholar
Sessou Philippe
  • Sessou Philippe
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)/UAC – 01 BP 2009 Cotonou.
  • Google Scholar
Ahounou Serge
  • Ahounou Serge
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)/UAC – 01 BP 2009 Cotonou.
  • Google Scholar
Azokpota Paulin
  • Azokpota Paulin
  • Laboratoire de Formulations Alimentaires et de Biologie Moléculaire/ Faculté des Sciences Agronomiques/Université d’Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Cotonou, Bénin.
  • Google Scholar
Youssao Issaka
  • Youssao Issaka
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)/UAC – 01 BP 2009 Cotonou.
  • Google Scholar
Farougou Souaïbou
  • Farougou Souaïbou
  • Laboratoire de Recherche en Biologie Appliquée (LARBA), Ecole Polytechnique d’Abomey-Calavi (EPAC)/UAC – 01 BP 2009 Cotonou.
  • Google Scholar
Gouro Abdoulaye Soumana
  • Gouro Abdoulaye Soumana
  • Programme de Productivité Agricole en Afrique de l’Ouest (PPAAO) Niamey BP 10037 Niger.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 01 December 2016
  •  Accepted: 13 April 2017
  •  Published: 08 June 2017

Abstract

Livestock in Niger has great potentials. If well managed, this sector can significantly improve food security and boost poverty alleviation in the population. In order to encourage the development of local milk production in Liptako Gourma, the present study was undertaken to identify constraints related to milk production in the area. A questionnaire based survey was conducted to collect data from 360 dairy farmers. The study revealed that Liptako Gourma harbours a diversified cattle population comprised of 83.3% of Djelli in Niamey, 69.8% of Peul Zebus and 55.8% of Azawak in Tillaberi and 20.0% of Goudali in Dosso. The workhands is mainly constituted of Fulani farmers (77.3 ± 5.0% in Tillaberi) and Zarma agro- farmers (33.3 ± 16.8% in Niamey). They have traditional skills in milk production technology. The study also showed that animals’ feeding is highly dependent on seasonality. The most prevalent animal diseases were fasciolosis (55.0, 36.6 and 51.7%, in Dosso, Tillaberi and Niamey, respectively), bezoars (15.0, 60.0 and 12.8% in Dosso, Tillaberi and Niamey, respectively) and respiratory problems (46.6, 40.0 and 35.8% in Dosso, Tillaberi and Niamey, respectively). The low level of education of farmers which is, for example, 16.2 ± 4.4% in Tillaberi, the low level of investment, the poor hygienic practices and difficulties associated with milk conservation and sale constitutes further constraints that thwart the development of the dairy sector. Findings of this study call for technical supports from veterinarians and hygiene services to dairy farmers so as to significantly control the aforementioned constraints.

 

Key words: Local milk, Liptako Gourma, Niger, milk valorisation, production constraints.