Full Length Research Paper
The variability of climate parameters in most of agricultural areas in Niger represents a major risk for farmers. This work is aimed at analyzing farmer’s perception and adaptation to climate change parameters in Tamou district. The study was conducted on seventy three (73) millet farmers from seven villages in Tamou, namely Allambaré, Bani Guiti, Guieme, Tollondi , Moli Haoussa and Welgorou. The sample was random and tables were built from the results of a brief survey of millet farmers. The results obtained showed that farmers appreciate changes in climae parameters through rainfall (92.6%) while 7.4% do not perceive this parameter as factor, wind (88.9%), and temperature (85.2%). The adaptations techniques include organic and mineral fertilizers (87%) adjustment of farming to rainfall calendar (96%), using improved seeds varieties (75%), crop diversification (49%), water and soil preservation techniques (34%) and rural migration (3.8%). These adaptations are identified in the rural community of Tamou by several factors: degree of experience importance in terms of agricultural practices, the supervision of extension agents, the number of workers per household, the property rights and a good annual income. These adaptations and determining factors must be taken into account by all stakeholders in decision making in Niger's agricultural policy to guarantee food securityfarmers.
Key words: Millet, farmers, climate parameters, perception, adaptation, Tamou.
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