African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6091

Full Length Research Paper

Growth, yield and content of trace elements in coffee fruits grown in soils under successive application of sewage sludge

Alisson Lucrecio da Costa
  • Alisson Lucrecio da Costa
  • Goiano Federal Institute, Iporá, Brazil.
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Gabriela Lúcia Pinheiro
  • Gabriela Lúcia Pinheiro
  • Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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Flávia Villela Soares
  • Flávia Villela Soares
  • Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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Carlos Alberto Silva
  • Carlos Alberto Silva
  • Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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José Maria de Lima
  • José Maria de Lima
  • Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Lavras, Brazil.
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  •  Received: 04 May 2016
  •  Accepted: 16 June 2016
  •  Published: 21 July 2016

Abstract

Brazil seeks to optimize the use of fertilizers by taking advantage of agricultural residues. The sewage sludge is used as organic matter in various crops such as coffee. However, an experiment in lysimeter was performed seeking to assess the growth, yield and content of zinc, copper, nickel, cadmium, lead and chromium in coffee fruits grown on Dystrophic Red Yellow Latosol (dRYL), Dystropherric Red Latosol (dRL) and Dystrophic Red Yellow Argisoil (dRYA); under successive application of sewage sludge. The sewage sludge increased the content of Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn found in soils under study. The sewage sludge decreased coffee growth and productivity and increased the content of Cu, Zn and Cd found in coffee peel. Greater content of Cd in coffee seeds for all three soils, as well as greater content of Zn and Pb in coffee seeds grown on Dystropherric Red Latosol was also found.

Key words: Coffea arabica, coffee plants height, quality of coffee fruit, heavy metals.