The purpose of this empirical study is to investigate organizational factors which influence intrapreneurship development in Iranian Agricultural Research Organization (IARO). Authors of Intrapreneurship studies have proposed many organizational factors variables that might influence intrapreneurship and organizational effectiveness. However, no previous studies have attempted a broad integration of all of these in a comprehensive theory of Intrapreneurship. The present study seeks to move in this direction. Descriptive - correlation research method was employed to conduct the study. Statistical population comprised all IREO agricultural research and development specialists. To draw samples, one province out of each regional category of the country was selected randomly and 250 out of 1145 research specialists were also randomly selected from six selected provinces based on Cochran's methodology. A well constructed questionnaire comprised of two parts: First, 40 questions to assess intrapreneurship development and second 69 questions dealing with organizational factors, with direct role in intrapreneurship development. Validity of the questionnaire was analyzed and reliability coefficient was calculated for the questionnaire using Cronbach's alpha ratio of α = 0.93 for the first and α = 0.906 for the second part). SPSSWin15 was utilized to process the data. Applying correlation analysis showed that intrapreneurship development had positively significant relationship with organization factors (P = 0.01). Also multivariate regression revealed that 56% of variance in intrapreneurship development was determined by: Leadership style, organization strategy, organizational control system and organizational culture. The remaining variance was due to other variables and organizational factor that have not been investigated in this research. Results showed that an organization with appropriate factors would be more successful in human resource management field as well as can stimulate intrapreneurship development.
Key words: Entrepreneurship, intrapreneurship, agricultural research intrapreneurship.
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