African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Oil palm Fusarium wilt distribution and incidence in Southern Region of Ivory Coast

GOGBE Bale Françoise Epse Dibi
  • GOGBE Bale Françoise Epse Dibi
  • Phyto/physiopathology Unit, Central Laboratory of Biotechnologies (LCB), National Center for Agronomic Research (NCAR)), Km 17: 01 BP 1740 Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast.
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DIABATE Sekou
  • DIABATE Sekou
  • Phyto/physiopathology Unit, Central Laboratory of Biotechnologies (LCB), National Center for Agronomic Research (NCAR)), Km 17: 01 BP 1740 Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast.
  • Google Scholar
KONAN Jean Noel
  • KONAN Jean Noel
  • In vitro Culture Laboratory, CNRA La Me, 13 BP 989 Abidjan 13, Ivory Coast.
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KABLAN Kan Aurore Bel Martine
  • KABLAN Kan Aurore Bel Martine
  • Phyto/physiopathology Unit, Central Laboratory of Biotechnologies (LCB), National Center for Agronomic Research (NCAR)), Km 17: 01 BP 1740 Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast.
  • Google Scholar
DOGBO Denezon Odette
  • DOGBO Denezon Odette
  • Laboratory of Biology and Improvement of Plant Productions, UFR-Science of Nature, Nangui Abrogoua University (UNA), 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Ivory Coast.
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  •  Received: 26 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 10 August 2017
  •  Published: 28 September 2017

Abstract

Fusarium wilt of oil palm is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. elaeidis (Foe) and is particularly prevalent in Africa. This work shows prospect in the industrial and village oil palm plantations in the Southern region of Ivory Coast, used to assess the incidence and distribution of this disease. The method used entailed taking an inventory of all the plants in a given plot, noting the presence or absence of symptoms of the disease and then calculating the incidence in each locality. The results showed that this is the first time Fusarium is identified in some plantations in the Southwest of Côte d’Ivoire such as plantations of Sassandra and Grand Bereby. But Fusarium wilt of oil palm was not observed in Iboké Region. The disease is still present in other localities (Divo, Dabou, Anguédédou, La Mé, Eloka and Ehania). The incidence of fusarium is higher in Sassandra (5.13%) than in other areas. These results should be taken into account in future palm plant replanting projects in South-west Ivory Coast, where fusarium has emerged.

 

Key words: Fusarium wilt, oil palm, distribution, incidence, Southern Ivory Coast.