African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Effect of nitrogen fertilization and cutting age on yield of tropical forage plants

Doglas Bassegio1*, Reginaldo Ferreira Santos1, Elir de Oliveira2, Ivan Wernecke1, Deonir Secco1 and Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza1
1UNIOESTE - Western Paraná State University - Post-graduation Program, Master Course of Energy in Agriculture.Rua Universitária, 2069, CEP: 85.819-130 Bairro Faculdade, Cascavel, Paraná, Brasil. 2IAPAR - Instituto Agronômico do Paraná, Estação Oeste, Santa Tereza do Oeste-PR, Brasil.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 April 2013
  •  Published: 02 May 2013

Abstract

This work aimed to assess the yield of five forage species subjected to nitrogen (N) levels at three different cutting ages. The experiment was carried out in the city of Santa Tereza do Oeste, at IAPAR’s (Agronomic Institute of Paraná) experimental field, by applying a randomized complete block design in a factorial scheme 5×4×3, with five species: common black oat (Avena strigosa Schreb cv. Common), IPR 61 oat (Avena strigosa Schreb cv. IPR 61), Triticale Tpolo 981(Xtriticosecale wittmack), IPR 126 White oat (Avena sativa cv. IPR 126) and ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum Lam.); N levels were (0, 30, 60 and 120 kg ha-1); cutting ages were 66, 95 and 116 days after emergence (DAE), with three replications. Dry matter (DM) productivity was assessed in kg ha-1 by cut and total. The common black oat proved to be different from the other forage plants in DM yield, accumulating less quantities of it due to its cycle. The application of nitrogen fertilization to the coverage linearly influenced the ryegrass at 66 DAE and all other species at 116 DAE in a positive manner. Nitrogen did not influence the total accumulation of dry matter of both common black oat and Triticale Tpolo 981. 

Key words: Avena sativa L., Triticosecale wittmack, Lolium multiflorum Lam, nitrogen, cuts.