Special liming materials have the potential to control soil acidity and constitute a source of nutrients for plant development. In this study, the efficiency of special liming materials was evaluated. Their effects in soil exchangeable cations and available P concentrations were compared with the ones of dolomitic limestone (DL). Samples of Typic Distrudept and Rhodic Hapludox were collected from 0 to 20 cm layer. Two experiments were conducted in a completely randomized block of 4x4x8 factorial design. Four liming materials were studied: DL, granulated micronized calcite (GMC), granulated micronized dolomite (GMD) and carbonated suspension (CS). The liming materials were added to the soils doses that increase the soil bases saturation (V) to 50, 70 and 90%; and a control treatment. The treated soil samples were incubated at 23 ± 2°C and 60% of soil water retention capacity for eight periods (0, 7, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and 90 days). Exchangeable Ca, Mg and K, and available P were determined. All liming materials increase exchangeable Ca and Mg, and available P. However, the most efficient source that increased exchangeable Ca in the studied soils were CS followed by GMC.
Key words: Special liming materials, micronized limestone, carbonated suspension, availability of nutrients, Inceptisol, Oxisol.
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