African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6401

Full Length Research Paper

An update of sweet potato viral disease incidence and spread in Ethiopia

D. H. Buko
  • D. H. Buko
  • School of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, Hawassa University (HU), Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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A. Gedebo
  • A. Gedebo
  • School of Plant and Horticultural Sciences, Hawassa University (HU), Hawassa, Ethiopia.
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C. Spetz
  • C. Spetz
  • Department of Plant Sciences, Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), P. O. Box 5003, 1432 Ås, Norway.
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A. K. Hvoslef-Eide
  • A. K. Hvoslef-Eide
  • Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Ås, Norway.
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  •  Received: 20 April 2020
  •  Accepted: 14 July 2020
  •  Published: 31 August 2020

Abstract

Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) is an important root crop for poor farmers in developing countries. Since the late 1980s, viral diseases have increasingly become a threat to sweet potato production in Ethiopia. This review paper presents the role of sweet potato production for ensuring food security, the level of sweet potato virus research, including the types of viral species identified and their current level of incidences in Ethiopia. Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV), Sweet potato chlorotic stunt virus (SPCSV), Sweet potato virus 2 (SPV2), Sweet potato virus G (SPVG), and Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) were reported in Ethiopia, where the first two are the most common and exist at high incidences. In addition, this paper discusses the virus vectors, virus transmission methods to new farms, factors exacerbating the rate of viral incidence and the methods used to reduce the incidences. Moreover, it highlights methods of sweet potato viruses’ detection and cleaning of infected materials in use and the challenges encountered towards the efficient utilization of the methods. Finally, we suggest major intervention techniques that will integrate all key players in managing the impact of the virus on sweet potato production to improve productivity and ensuring food security in Ethiopia. The findings obtained from this review could be an input for the current research on sweet potato improvement (both planting materials and routines) in Ethiopia.

Key words: Sweet potato, research, virus, detection, planting, infection, production.