African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6576

Full Length Research Paper

Variability of morpho-metric traits and oleaginous biofuel potential of Jatropha curcas L. (Euphorbiaceae) seeds in Burkina Faso

Hemayoro Sama
  • Hemayoro Sama
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University Ouaga I Pr. Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Bassiaka Ouattara
  • Bassiaka Ouattara
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University Ouaga I Pr. Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Adama Hilou
  • Adama Hilou
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University Ouaga I Pr. Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Abdoul-Nassire Derra
  • Abdoul-Nassire Derra
  • Laboratory of Biochemistry and Applied Chemistry (LABIOCA), Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University Ouaga I Pr. Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Bathelemy Yelemou
  • Bathelemy Yelemou
  • Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), Department of Natural Resources Management and Production systems. INERA-Saria, BP 10 Koudougou, Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar
Victor Hien
  • Victor Hien
  • Institute of Environment and Agricultural Research (INERA), Laboratory Soil-Water-Plants 01 BP 476 Ouaga 01 Burkina Faso.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 18 April 2018
  •  Accepted: 11 June 2018
  •  Published: 27 December 2018

Abstract

In the recent decades, Jatropha curcas has received attention as a potential source of bio fuel production in many West African countries. To detect performant accessions for improvement and breeding programmes, the degree of variability of morphological traits and oil content of seeds in a large range of accessions were assessed in this study. The morphological traits and oil content of seed of 40 accessions of J. curcas in Burkina and their genetic values and correlation was calculated. The results show a high variability of morphological traits and oil content of seed. The accession has a significant effect on the morphological traits and oil content of seed whereas, phytogeographic zone has no significant effect. The results permitted identification of accessions with interesting morpho-metric parameters and oil content of seed. The results also show positive and significant correlations between seed width and all the morphological traits and the value of genetic parameters indicate that the high variability in seed traits and oil content can be explain by genetic factors. Also, the highest value of genetic gain was observed for the oil content. As a result, there are good opportunities for selection and improvement of traits and seed oil production through selection.

Key words: Jatropha curcas, Burkina, diversity, oil content, seed traits, heritability.