African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Morphological and yield responses of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) to raised bed planting in Northern China

  Fahong Wang1,2, Ling’an Kong1*, Ken Sayre3, Shengdong Li1, Jisheng Si1, Bo Feng1 and Bin Zhang1    
  1Crop Research Institute, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Jinan 250100, China. 2Key Laboratory for Genetic Improvement of Crop, Animal and Poultry of Shandong Province, Jinan 250100, China. 3CIMMYT, Int., Apdo, Postal 6-641, Mexico D. F. 06600, Mexico.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 26 June 2011
  •  Published: 04 July 2011

Abstract

 

Six winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties (Jimai 19, Jimai 20, Jimai 21, Yannong 19, Jining 12 and Jining 16) were grown in 8 crop seasons/site combinations to investigate the effect of raised bed planting as compared to the conventional flat planting on wheat plant morphology, grain yield and associated yield components in Northern China. Raised bed planting produced a more ideal plant structure composed of larger basal leaves with smaller top leaves. Crop canopy analysis indicated that raised bed planting produced more durable dry matter weight of green leaves from the top of the canopy to the bottom as compared to conventional flat planting. In addition, raised bed planting shortened the basal first and second internodes and reduced plant height, leading to less crop lodging when compared with conventional flat planting. Under bed planting, the spike number per unit area was decreased, but the number of grains per spike and the 1000-grain weight of wheat were significantly increased in comparison with flat planting. Ultimately, raised bed planting produced more grain yield than flat planting through the integrative effect of these yield components. It is concluded that raised bed planting can optimize wheat morphological traits, enhance plant lodging resistance, and thereby increase the wheat productivity and yield difference between two planting systems varied from 6.6 to 12% over 5 locations in favour of raised bed planting.

 

Key words: Winter wheat, conventional flat planting, raised bed planting, plant morphology, grain yield.