African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6667

Full Length Research Paper

Performance of maize hybrids from a partial diallel in association with Azospirillum

Alessandra Koltun
  • Alessandra Koltun
  • Department of Agriculture, State University of Maringá, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Alana Padia Cavalcante
  • Alana Padia Cavalcante
  • Department of General Biology, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar
Karla Bianca de Almeida Lopes
  • Karla Bianca de Almeida Lopes
  • Department of Agriculture, Londrina State University, Londrina- PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Matheus Dalsente Krause
  • Matheus Dalsente Krause
  • Superior School of Agriculture Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba- SP, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Thiago Pablo Marino
  • Thiago Pablo Marino
  • Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh- NC, USA.
  • Google Scholar
André Luiz Martinez de Oliveira
  • André Luiz Martinez de Oliveira
  • Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Londrina State University, Londrina- PR, Brazil.
  • Google Scholar
Josué Maldonado Ferreira
  • Josué Maldonado Ferreira
  • Department of General Biology, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brasil.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 23 February 2018
  •  Accepted: 31 May 2018
  •  Published: 21 June 2018

Abstract

One of the most prominent strategies to increase maize grain yield with a higher benefit/cost ratio and a lower environmental impact is the inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria. Among other factors, the success of the interaction plant-microorganism depends on genetic traits, therefore, selection of plant genotypes compatible with this association is extremely important to the viability of this technology. This article presents an innovative study that investigates the interactions between Azospirillum brasilense Ab-V5 and 27 genotypes of maize, including 24 experimental hybrids from a partial diallel (denotated Hij as a result of the crosses among the parental inbred lines Li and the tester breeding lines Tj), the variety ST0509 from UEL and the commercial hybrids DKB390 and DKB390H from Monsanto. The plots consisted of treatments with or without inoculation in three replicates and the 27 maize genotypes were randomly distributed in the sub-plots. The inbred lines L2, L3, L6, L11, T2 and T3 present the highest general combining ability, producing the best hybrid combinations. The additive effects of genes are more important than the non-additive effects for all traits evaluated. The most promising experimental hybrids are H2 3’, H3 2’, H11 2’, H11 3’ and H12 3’. Significant effect for inoculum was not verified when performed at the seedling stage in the experimental conditions of this study.

Key words: Zea mays L., Azospirillum brasilense, inoculation, biological nitrogen fixation, combining ability.