African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Determinants of the Brazilian Amazon deforestation

Pedro Guilherme de Andrade Vasconcelos
  • Pedro Guilherme de Andrade Vasconcelos
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Humberto Angelo
  • Humberto Angelo
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Alexandre Nascimento de Almeida
  • Alexandre Nascimento de Almeida
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Eraldo Aparecido Trondoli Matricardi
  • Eraldo Aparecido Trondoli Matricardi
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Eder Pereira Miguel
  • Eder Pereira Miguel
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Álvaro Nogueira de Souza
  • Álvaro Nogueira de Souza
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Maristela Franchetti de Paula
  • Maristela Franchetti de Paula
  • Department of Administration, State University of West Centre, CEP: 85.015-430, Guarapuava, PR, Brazil.
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Joaquim Carlos Goncalez
  • Joaquim Carlos Goncalez
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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Maísa Santos Joaquim
  • Maísa Santos Joaquim
  • University of Brasilia (UnB), Brazil.
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  •  Received: 18 November 2016
  •  Accepted: 05 January 2017
  •  Published: 19 January 2017

Abstract

The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest biome, containing almost 50% of the planet’s known biodiversity and is the biggest source of fresh water, which is approximately one-fifth of the global reserves. However, the sustainable use of this ecosystem is threatened by several factors, and deforestation is the main problem. This study addresses the deforestation of the Brazilian Amazon forest, in particular evaluate the determinants of the deforestation process, using for this purpose, time-series of several socioeconomic factors from 1990 to 2015. The methodology applied included statistical analyzes based on the application of multivariate discriminant analysis with the stepwise criteria. The results showed that in order of importance cattle, roads network, population, logging and crop areas were the determinant variables of the deforestation in the amazon.

Key words: Cattle, population, deforestation, Brazilian Amazon.