African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Evaluation of different treatment on the occurrences of seed borne fungi of Mungbean Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek seed

Saurabh Singh
  • Saurabh Singh
  • Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras, Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005 India.
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Asha Sinha
  • Asha Sinha
  • Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras, Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005 India.
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Jyotiranjan Mishra
  • Jyotiranjan Mishra
  • Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras, Hindu University, Varanasi-221 005 India.
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  •  Received: 25 October 2013
  •  Accepted: 19 September 2014
  •  Published: 30 October 2014

Abstract

The efficacy of different treatment measures viz., corbendazim, Benomyle, Vitavax, Neem, Garlic, Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma viride were evaluated for the occurrences of seed borne fungi viz., Aspergillus spp, Penicillium spp, Alternaria alternata, Rhizopus and Fusarium spp which were isolated from two genotype of Mungbean viz., HUM-4 and HUM-12, from, 180 and 360 days period of storage. Both genotypes were taken from the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Science, B.H.U Varanasi. All treatments were found to significantly reduce the incidence of seed borne fungi but did not completely control it. The results showed that the incidence of seed borne fungi was found to be significantly declined when seeds were treated with different treatments but did not completely control it. Seed treated with mungbean seed showed least incidence. Due to an increase in storage period, efficacy of different treatment against seed borne fungi was found to be declined. After 180 days period of storage, effect of treatment was found to be intermediate. Least effect of treatment was shown at 360days period of storage due to an increase in the number of fungal population. Among all treatment, Benomyle, Corbendazim and Vitavax showed minimum occurrences against all fungi followed by Neem, Garlic and T. harzianum.

 

Key words: seed borne fungi, Pulses, mungbean.