The objective of the present research was to study nitrogen metabolism in sorghum plants subjected to salt stress and silicon concentration. The experiment was conducted at the Amazon Federal Rural University, Capitão Poço Decentralized Unit for 1 month, in 2013, using the cultivar BR 700 of forage sorghum plants (Sorghum bicolor [Moench.]). The experimental design was completely randomized, in a 5 × 3 factorial arrangement (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 µM of silicon) and saline concentrations (0, 1.5 and 2.0 M), consisting of 4 replications. Analyses were conducted of amino acids, proteins, free ammonium, nitrate and nitrate reductase. Nitrate content increased in the leaves and root in the treatments 0 and 1.5 µM of Si, but decreased in treatments with the 0.5 and 1.0 µM doses of Si. In leaves and roots, the treatments 1.5 and 2.0 of SC caused reduction and increase, respectively, of ammonium levels. The silicon doses attenuated the negative effects of the treatments on the biochemical compounds caused by higher salt concentrations in sorghum plants.
Key words: Abiotic stress, Sorghum bicolor, salinity, silicon, nitrogen metabolism.
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