African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Typologies of pineapple-based farming systems in Centre-Cameroon

Marius Georges Etame Kossi
  • Marius Georges Etame Kossi
  • Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA), University of Dschang, BP 222 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Honoré Beyegue Djonko
  • Honoré Beyegue Djonko
  • Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA), University of Dschang, BP 222 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Asafor Henry Chotangui
  • Asafor Henry Chotangui
  • Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA), University of Dschang, BP 222 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Alexis Boukong
  • Alexis Boukong
  • Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences (FASA), University of Dschang, BP 222 Dschang, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar
Jean-Pierre Mvondo Awono
  • Jean-Pierre Mvondo Awono
  • Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, University of Buea, Cameroon.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 20 May 2022
  •  Accepted: 21 December 2022
  •  Published: 31 March 2023

Abstract

The high diversity in pineapple fields and farmers provide huge challenges in farm management in already dwindling pineapple production sector in the center region of Cameroon. A first step to overcome these production challenges is to manage the afore-mentioned diversity to a reasonable level without loss of detail and specific management interventions for each category or typology proposed. Field surveys were conducted in two pineapple producing areas in the center region of Cameroon (Awae and Bokito), with a view to collect data on pineapple farms and producers. Data collected was later subjected to multivariate analysis. 67% of farms variability was captured within 02 components: Investment, plant density, soil fertility, and input factors. Cluster analysis captured 03 pineapple farming systems typologies: (1) subsistence poor resource smallholder farmers; (2) market oriented, low to medium resource farmers; and (3) market oriented, high resource large-scale farmers, representing 62.1, 32.1 and 5.8%, respectively of farms. The unexplained 33% of variability between farms was attributed to biophysical characteristics of pineapple producing area. Pineapple production in the center region of Cameroon demonstrates enormous potential for improvement. Understanding these bio-physical production potential is a satisfactory approach for pineapple production intensification.

Key words: Farming system, smallholder farmers, typology, pineapple.