African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6140

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of pre and post-harvest management practices on coffee (Coffea arabica L.) quality determining factors in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia

Kidist Teshome
  • Kidist Teshome
  • Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia.
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Zerihun Girma
  • Zerihun Girma
  • Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia.
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Biniam Eshetu
  • Biniam Eshetu
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Dilla University, Dilla Ethiopia.
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  •  Received: 17 April 2019
  •  Accepted: 07 June 2019
  •  Published: 11 July 2019

Abstract

In Gedeo zone, coffee quality is declining from time to time due to several improper pre and post-harvest management practices. Therefore, this study was designed with the objective of assessing impact of pre and post-harvest management practices on Coffea arabica L. quality determining factors in Gedeo zone, Southern Ethiopia. Totally, 90 household respondents were used from three Woredas and selected purposively. Finally, quantitative data was analyzed by employing SPSS (version 20). In pre harvesting practices, the result indicated that most of the respondents owned old coffee trees (>20 years), prune their tree frequently within one year interval and observed various diseases on their coffee tree. According to the survey result, majority of farmers use shade trees, which is the most common cropping practiced by coffee producing farmers in the study area, and majority of the farmers use dry method of coffee processing. Descriptive statistics of the field survey revealed that majority responded the provision of support and training from the respective Agricultural research and Development offices. On the contrary, the coffee farming family suffered from shortage of money as well as time at harvesting stage of coffee. On the side of traders, they received extension services in maintaining coffee quality in particular. Most of the traders in the study area in order to buy and sell coffee, did not get advises from market advisers. In general, most management practices in addition to trading methods in the study area have problems in maintaining coffee quality in the zone.

Key words: Coffea arabica L, coffee quality, pre-harvest, post-harvest, Gedeo zone.