African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6578

Full Length Research Paper

Growth, yield and economics of maize as affected by cropping sequences, rates and frequency of farm yard manure (FYM)

R. A. Bhat, Latief Ahmad and G. A. Wani
Division of Agronomy Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar (J&K) 190025 India.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 24 June 2013
  •  Published: 18 July 2013

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy farm of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar, Srinagar during 2008-2009 and 2009-10 on silty clay loam soil with neutral PH. The experiment comprising of three factors viz., cropping sequences S1 , S2, S3 and S4, three farm yard manure (FYM) rates R1 , R2 and R3 and three frequencies F1, F2 and F3 was laid out in a split plot design (cropping sequences in main plot and FYM rates and frequencies in sub plot) replicated thrice. The results showed that during 2009-10, the cropping sequences S1 and S4 recorded significantly higher growth characters, yield attributes and yield of maize than S2 and S3. the FYM rates increased the growth characters up to 30t ha⁻¹ and yield attributes up to 20t ha⁻¹. the grain yield of maize showed significant improvement with FYM application up to 20t ha⁻¹ while stover yield increased significantly up to 30 t ha⁻¹ FYM frequencies F1 and F2 recorded significantly higher growth characters, yield attributes and grain and stover yield of maize over F3. Highest net returns and benefit cost ratio were realized from the treatment combination S2R1F1.

Key words: Maize, cropping sequence, farm yard manure (FYM), frequency