African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6638

Full Length Research Paper

Assessment of fertilizers usage and cropping patterns in study area of Naypyitaw, Myanmar

Hla Moe Khaing
  • Hla Moe Khaing
  • Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar.
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Swe Swe Mar
  • Swe Swe Mar
  • Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar.
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Htay Htay Oo
  • Htay Htay Oo
  • Department of Agronomy, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar.
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Kyaw Ngwe
  • Kyaw Ngwe
  • Department of Soil and Water Science, Yezin Agricultural University (YAU), Myanmar.
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  •  Received: 24 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 05 November 2020
  •  Published: 31 January 2021

Abstract

A study was conducted to observe the demographic characteristics of farmers, to assess the use of fertilizers application by farmer and to identify the current status of cropping pattern in the study area. The demographic profiles of 60 respondents stated that the age ranged from 30 to 78 years and land holding ranged from 0.10 to 2.80 ha. The majority of farmers (40%) had a primary educational level. Farmers utilized the different kinds of fertilizers (urea, NPK compound, phosphorous, special potash and foliar) depending on crops and time of applications, and 68% of respondents used cattle manure as basal. Response on farming experience indicated that six different levels of 3 to 60 years. The most cropping patterns observed in the study area were rice-black gram, rice-fallow, maize-tomato, maize- tomato and lablab bean intercropping, maize-lablab bean, okra-tomato. In addition, some of the farmers cultivated horticultural crops such as banana, guava and ambarella. There is a highly significant positive relationship on farm size with cropping pattern. This study suggested that farm size, inputs, market price, labors and farmer’s willingness would influence the fertilizer usage and cropping patterns.

Key words: Demographic characteristics, fertilizer use, cropping patterns.