African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6848

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of different soil amendments on the performance of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) in a bimodal rainforest zone

KWAYEP Lambert Natan
  • KWAYEP Lambert Natan
  • College of Technology, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
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SUH Christopher
  • SUH Christopher
  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), P.O. Box 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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KONJE Christina
  • KONJE Christina
  • College of Technology, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
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MANGA Ambroise
  • MANGA Ambroise
  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), P.O. Box 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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KENFO Thomas
  • KENFO Thomas
  • College of Technology, University of Bamenda, P.O. Box 39 Bambili, Cameroon.
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LOMBEKO Victorine
  • LOMBEKO Victorine
  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), P.O. Box 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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DJOMO SIME Herve
  • DJOMO SIME Herve
  • Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), P.O. Box 2123, Yaoundé, Cameroon.
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  •  Received: 09 May 2017
  •  Accepted: 25 May 2017
  •  Published: 15 June 2017

Abstract

Okra contributes an important part of the diet to many people in the tropics, more especially in Cameroon. But its production is seriously affected by poor soil fertility. In other to mitigate this problem, a field experiment was conducted from April to august 2016 at Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD) Nkolbisson-Yaoundé with the main objective to evaluate the effects of different soil amendments on the performance of okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) crop. The experiment was laid out using a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications and eleven treatments: (Tithonia leaves (6700 kg/ha), piggery manure (6700 kg/ha), foliar fertilizer (0.6 kg/ha), urea (200 kg/ha), NPK20-10-10 (200 kg/ha), Tithonia leaves (3350 kg/unit) + NPK20-10-10 (100 kg/unit), Tithonia leaves (3350 kg/unit) + Urea (100 kg/ha), urea (100 kg/ha) + NPK 20-10-10(100 kg/ha), Tithonia leaves (100kg/ha) + foliar fertilizer (0.3 L/ha), Tithonia leaves (3350 kg/ha) + piggery manure (3350 kg/ha) and control (0 kg/ha). The Results showed that the growth and yield of okra were significantly (P<0.05) affected by different soil amendments. The number of days to achieve 50% shoot set was significantly (P<0.05) greater (50.66±1.24) with the use of NPK 20-10-10 as compared to the rest of the treatments. The number of days to achieve 50% flowering was significantly (P<0.05) greater (59.33±1.46) with the use of Tithonia leaves as compared to the rest of the treatments. The tallest plants and highest number of fruits per plant were recorded from the urea treatment, while the use of foliar fertilizer resulted in many branches and leaves per plant. A combination of NPK and Tithonia leaves resulted in heavy fruits per plant. NPK treatments produced the highest number of fruits and the heaviest fruits as compared to the foliar and control treatments. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that the application of foliar fertilizer, urea and NPK 20-10-10 + Tithonia and NPK which recorded the highest growth and yield parameters among all the treatments are the best treatments and should be adopted by farmers in the study area to maximize their yields. However, further studies on other combinations of organic fertilizers need to be carried out in different areas in order to come out with desired new alternatives that will reduce the use of high quantity of inorganic fertilizers.

 

Key words: Performance, soil amendments, okra, bimodal, fertilizer.