African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6324

Full Length Research Paper

Severity and prevalence of the destructive fall armyworm on maize in Uganda: A case of Bulambuli District

Buteme Sharon
  • Buteme Sharon
  • Department of Agriculture, Faculty of Vocational Studies, Kyambogo University P. O. Box 1 Kampala, Uganda,
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Masanza Michael
  • Masanza Michael
  • Department of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Uganda Christian University, P. O. Box 4 Mukono, Uganda.
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Masika Fred Bwayo
  • Masika Fred Bwayo
  • Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Muni University, P.O Box 725 ARUA, Uganda.
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  •  Received: 20 December 2019
  •  Accepted: 24 February 2020
  •  Published: 30 June 2020

Abstract

Maize kernel contains a large quantity of carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, oils, fats and competes favorably with root and tuber crops as a rich energy source. In Uganda, the per capita consumption ranges from 28 to 125 kg per annum. However, the yields remain low, fluctuating around 1.5 tons per hectare. Although some losses to maize production occur through the post-harvest period, pre-harvest factors such as biotic and abiotic constraints significantly affect its production.  The most important biotic constraints include pests and diseases. Among the pests, Lepidopterans such as the fall armyworm (FAW) (Spodoptera frugiperda JE Smith) has become an important pest of maize during the early growing stages of the crop. Yet there is no information on the destructive levels of this pest in maize fields and this hinders management options for this pest. To determine the incidence, severity and prevalence of the FAW which may be responsible for low yields and poor maize quality, a survey was carried out in Bulambuli district in Uganda. Forty fields were sampled in Bwinkhonge Sub County to determine the level of damage caused by this pest. The severity of damage on leaves (df = 9, χ2 = 87.66, P = 0.000*) ears (df = 9, χ2 = 299.2, P = 0.000*) and kernels (df = 7, χ2 = 19.9, P = 0.005*) was high and significantly different in two parishes surveyed.

Key words: Larvae, incidence, pests, damage.