African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6849

Full Length Research Paper

Development of an automatic cutting system for harvesting oil palm fresh fruit bunch (FFB)

Hamed Shokripour1*, Wan Ishak Wan Ismail1, Ramin Shokripour2 and Zahra Moezkarimi3
  1Department of Biological and Agriculture Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 2Software Engineering Laboratory, Faculty of Computer Science and Information Technology, University of Malaya, 50603 Lembah Pantai Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 3Department of Computer Engineering and Information Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology, Hafez Ave, Tehran, Iran.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 17 April 2012
  •  Published: 05 May 2012



The purpose of this project was to design, fabricate and test a harvesting mechanism for oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB). A carrier machine was designed and fabricated which can move around the tree trunk smoothly while carrying the cutting system. A mechanize motor system also was designed and assembled on the carrier machine for moving the cutting machine forward and backward along the tree trunk radius. For a successful and smooth cutting process, two direct current (DC) motors were used for carrier machine. Cutting machine consists of a mechanism for cutting and a cutting blade. A reciprocating mechanism was used in this project because of the added advantages of this method as compared to others. Design of the blade tooth for doing a fast and clean cut was an important parameter in this project. An HM-TR Transparent Wireless Data Link Module and an ATmega8 microcontroller were used to control the cutting system. This system was tested successfully in both laboratory and field condition.


Key words: Cutter blade, fruit harvesting, oil palm, reciprocating cutting, remote controller.