African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6574

Full Length Research Paper

Allelopathic effects of Rhazya stricta decne on seed germination and seedling growth of maize

  Musharaf Khan1*, Farrukh Hussain1, Shahana Musharaf2 and Imdadullah3  
  1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. 2Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh Malton Mardan, Pakistan. 3Government Degree College, Takht-e-Nasrati, District Karak, Pakistan.  
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 29 June 2011
  •  Published: 12 December 2011

Abstract

 

This study was designed to investigate the allelopathic potential of Rhazya stricta leaves and stem on Zea mays. It showed that stem of aqueous extracts of R. stricta present inhibitory effects on germination and seminal root numbers, while leave extract significantly decreased the plumule and radical growth of test specie. The inhibitory effects were increased proportionally with increasing extract concentration. These findings indicate that both germination and growth of Z. mays sown in fields, which had leaf and stem litter ofR. stricta will be adversely affected, ultimately resulting to lower yield.

 

Key wordsRhazya stricta, allelopathy, competition, aqueous leaf extract, aqueous stem extract.