In this study, the citrus (orange and mandarin) production in Mazandaran province of Iran and the energy equivalences of input used in this production are investigated. Data in this study was obtained from 110 citrus orchards by a face to face questionnaire method. The results revealed that mandarin production had more energy intensive compared to orange. The major energy inputs in orange and mandarin production were diesel fuel (27 and 24%), chemical fertilizers (22 and 23%) and irrigation water (21 and 23%), respectively. The results showed that 62375.18 MJ ha-1 energy were consumed by orange orchards and 77501.17 MJ ha-1 by mandarin orchards. Energy use efficiency, energy productivity, specific energy, and net energy gain were calculated. The energy use efficiency for orange and mandarin were 0.99 and 0.77, respectively. In average, the non-renewable form of energy input was 67.14% of the total energy input used in citrus production compared to 33.07% for the renewable form. Optimal consumptions of diesel fuel, chemical fertilizers and other major inputs would be useful techniques for decreasing energy consumption in citrus production.
Key words: Orange, mandarin, energy use efficiency, Iran.
Copyright © 2021 Author(s) retain the copyright of this article.
This article is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0