African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6380

Full Length Research Paper

Biofortified bean genotypes under integrated soil fertility management across sub-humid agro-ecological zones of The Democratic Republic of Congo

Kanyenga L. Antoine
  • Kanyenga L. Antoine
  • CIAT-HarvestPlus Program P. O. Box 1860, Bukavu, South Kivu, D.R. Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Kizungu V. Roger
  • Kizungu V. Roger
  • National Institute for Agricultural Research and Studies (INERA), B.P. 2037 Kinshasa 1, D.R. Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Kasongo L. Emery
  • Kasongo L. Emery
  • Department of Crop Sciences, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Lubumbashi (UNILU), P. O. Box 1825, Lubumbashi, D.R. Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Kalonji M. Adrien
  • Kalonji M. Adrien
  • Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agronomy, University of Kinshasa (UNIKIN), Kinshasa, R.D. Congo.
  • Google Scholar
Rowland M. Chirwa
  • Rowland M. Chirwa
  • CIAT –Malawi, Lilongwe, Malawi.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 10 July 2020
  •  Accepted: 17 September 2020
  •  Published: 31 October 2020


Allaway WH (1986). Soil-plant-animal and human interrelationships in trace element nutrition. pp. 465-488. In W. Mertz (ed.) Trace elements in human and animal nutrition. Academic Press, Orlando, FL.


Alley MM, Vanlauwe B (2009). The role of fertilizers in Integrated Plant Nutrient Management. IFA. 61 pages.


Bationo A (2010). Integrated soil fertility management option for agriculture intensification the Sudano-Sahelian zone in West Africa. Academy of Science Publishers, Nairobi, Kenya; 2008.


Beebe S, Gomez AV, Renfigo J (2000). Research on trace minerals in the common bean. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 21:387-391.


Beebe SI, Rao, Cajiao C, Grajales M (2008). Selection for drought resistance in common bean also improves yield in phosphorus limited and favorable environments. Crop Science 48:582-592.


Bekunda M, Sanginga N, Woomer PL (2010). Restoring soil fertility in Sub-Sahara Africa. Elsevier, Advances in Agronomy, Volume 108.


Blair MW, Astudillo C, Grusak MA, Graham R, Beebe SE (2009). Inheritance of seed iron and zinc concentration in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L). Molecular Breeding 23:197-207.


Bohn HL, Mcneal BL, O'connor GA (1979). Soil chemistry. New York, John Wiley & Sons.


Bouis HE, Welch RM (2010). Biofortifi cation-A Sustainable Agricultural Strategy for Reducing Micronutrient Malnutrition in the Global South. Crop Science 50:20-32.


Bouwmeester H, Van Asten P, Ouma E (2009). Mapping key variables of banana based cropping systems in the Great Lake Region, partial outcomes of the base-line and diagnostic surveys, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria 50 p.


Buni A (2014). Effects of Liming Acidic Soils on Improving Soil Properties and Yield of Haricot Bean. Journal of Environmental and Analytical Toxicology 5(1):248.


Cakmak I, Marschner H, Bangerth F (1989). Effect of zinc nutritional status on growth, protein metabolism and levels of indole-3-acetic acid and other photo hormones in bean (Phasseolus vulgaris). Journal of Experimental Botany 40:405-412.


Chataika BY, Bokosi JM, Kwapata MB, Chirwa RM, Mwale VM, Munyenyembe P, Myers JR (2010). Performance of parental genotypes and inheritance of Angular Leaf Spot (Phaeosariopsis griseola) resistance in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). African Journal of Biotechnology 9(28):4398-4406.


Consortium of Improving Agriculture and Livelihood in Central Africa (CIALCA) (2009). Annual Report.


Centro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT), Annual Report 2010.


Centro International de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT) (2003). CIAT Bean Program, Cali, Colombia.


Davet P (1996). Vie microbienne du sol et production végétale. INRA, Paris Díaz de la Garza RD, Gregory JF, Hanson AD (2007). Folate biofortification of tomato fruit. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 104:4218-4222.


Durrieu G (1993). Ecologie des champignons. Masson, Paris Edmeades DC, Ridley AM (2003). Using lime to ameliorate topsoil and subsoil acidity. In: Rengel Z., ed. Handbook of soil acidity. New York, Marcel Dekker pp. 297-336.


Elgala AM, Fi-Damaty, Arbellatif A (1976). Comparative ability of natural humus materiais and synthetic chelates in extracting Fe, Mn, Zn, and Cu from soils. Zeitschrift Pflan. Bodcnk Hcft., 3:301-307.


Fageria NK, Baligar VC (2008). Ameliorating soil acidity of tropical Oxisols by liming for sustainable crop production. Advances in Agronomy 99:345-431.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2006). L'état de l'insécurité alimentaire dans le monde. Eradiquer la faim dans le monde-Bilan 10 ans après le sommet mondial de l'alimentation 42 p.


Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2009). Deuxième rapport national sur l'état des Ressources Phytogénétiques pour l'Alimentation et l'Agriculture République Démocratique du Congo. FAO CP/DRC/3104AO 203.


Gelin JR, Forster S, Grafton KF, McClean PE, Rojas-Cifuentes GA (2007). Analysis of seed zinc and other minerals in a recombinant inbred population of navy bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Crop Science 471361-1366.


Gepts P, Aragao FJ, de Barros E, Blair MW, Brondani R, Broughton W, Galasso I, Hernández G, Kami J, Lariguet P (2008). Genomics of Phaseolus beans, a major source of dietary protein and micronutrients in the tropics. In: Moore PH and Ming R (eds) Genomics of Tropical Crop Plants. Springer, Berlin, pp 113-143.


Grunes DL, Allaway WH (1985). Nutritional quality of plants in relation to fertilizer use. pp. 589-619. In: O.P. Engelstad (ed.) Fertilizer technology and use. SSSA, Madison, WI.


HarvestPlus DRC (2009). [(accessed on 26 January 2015)]. 


HarvestPlus Iron-bean (2009). [(accessed on 26 January 2015)]. 


Havlin JL, Beaton JD, Tisdale SL, Nelson WL (2005). Soil fertility and fertilizers: An introduction to nutrient management. 7th Edition. Pearson Prentice Hall Publishers, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, USA.


Haynes RJ, Ludeke TE (1981). Effect of lime and phosphorus application on concentration of available nutrients and on P, Al and Mn uptake by two pasture legumes in an acid soil. Plant and Soil 62:117-128.


Irmak S, Surucu AK, Aydin S (2008). Effects of Iron content of soil on Iron content of plants in Kucurova region of Turkey. International journal of soil science 3(3):109-118.


Isaac S (1992). Fungal-Plant interaction. Chapman & Hall, London Jesus Junior WC, Vale FX, Martinez CA, Coelho RR., Costa LC, Hau B, Zambolim L (2001). Effects of angular leaf spot and rust on leaf gas exchange and yield of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Photosynthetica 39:603-606.


Juhi M, Rattan DS, Vikas SJ, Manju GA (2010). Assessment of phenolic components and antioxidative activities of Phaseolus vulgaris L. International Journal of Integrative Biology 9(1):26-30.


Kankwatsa P, Ampofo K, Kasambala C, Mukankusi C (2008). Analysis of the socioeconomic validity of new bean based integrated soil fertility management and integrated pest and disease management technologies. CIAT, Kampala.


Kanyenga LA, Kasongo ME, Kizungu VR, Nachigera MG, Kalonji MA (2016). Effect of climate change on bean crop production: determination of the optimum planting period in midlands and highlands of DRC. In Global Journal of Agricultural Research and Review 4:390-399.


Kanyenga LA, Tshilenge LL, Mudibu J, Funny-Biola C, Ngioe-Thilenge M, Kalonji-Mbuyi A (2012). Yield Performance and Resistance to Angular Leaf Spots in Beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) at five agro ecological zones of Katanga, Democratic Republic of Congo. International Journal of Research in Plant Sciences 2:16-22.


Khaim S, Chowdhury MA, Saha BK (2013). Organic and inorganic fertilization on the yield and quality of soybean. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University 11(1):23-28.


Khorgamy AA, Farnia (2009). Effect of phosphorus and zinc fertilisation on yield and yield components of chick pea cultivars. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings 9:205-208.


Kimani PM, Lunze L, Rachier G, Ruganzu V (2008). Breeding common bean for tolerance to low fertility acid soils in East and Central Africa. In: Bationo, A. et al (Eds). Innovations for the Green Revolution in Africa. Springer Verlag, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.


Lambrecht I, Maertens M, Vranken L, Merckx R, Vanlauwe B (2013). Heterogeneous preferences for integrated soil fertility management: a choice experiment on climbing beans in Burundi. Bioeconomics Working Paper Series, 



Liang W, Wu X, Zhang S, Xing Y, Wang R (2011). Effect of organic amendments on soil water storage in the aeolian sandy land of northeast Egypt. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 57 No.3.


Lubanga L, Abang R, Buruchara MA, Ugen NL, Nabahungu GO, Rachier M, Ngongo I, Rao (2012). Integrated soil fertility management in bean-based cropping systems of eastern, central and southern Africa. pp. 239-272. In: J.K Whalen (Ed.). Soil fertility improvement and integrated nutrient management - A Global Perspective. InTech: Rijeka, Croatia.


Lucas H, Kunzovas E (2014). Effect of Mineral and Organic Fertilizers on Yield and Technological Parameters. Polish Journal of Agronomy 17:18-24.


Lunze L, Abang MM, Buruchara RA, Ugen MA, Nabahungu LN, Rachier GO, Rao IM (2012). Integrated Soil Fertility Management in beans based cropping systems of eastern, central and southern Africa. Soil Fertility Improvement and Integrated Nutrient Management - A Global Perspective pp. 231- 272.


Lunze L, Kimani PM, Ngatoluwa R, Rabary B, Rachier GO, Ugen MM, Ruganza V, Awad EE (2007). Bean improvement for low soil fertility adaptation in Eastern and Central Africa pp. 325-332. In: Bationo, A., Waswa, B., Kihara, J., Kimetu, J. (Eds.). Advances in integrated soil fertility management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Challenges and opportunities. Springer.


Malaisse F (1993). The ecology of Zarnbezian dry evergreen forest with recornrnendations for conservation management. ln: H. LIETH & M. LOHMANN (eds.): Restoration of tropical forest ecosystems. Kluwer Academic Publishers pp. 75-90.


Marles RJ (2017). Mineral nutrient composition of vegetables, fruits and grains: The context of reports of apparent historical declines. Journal of food composition and analysis 56:93-103.


Moraghan JT (1980). Effect of soil temperature on response of flax to phosphorus and zinc fertilizers. Soil science 129:290-296.


Moreira A, Fageria KN (2010). Liming influence on soil chemical properties, nutritional status and yield of alfalfa grown in acid soil. Revista Brasileira de Ciencia do solo 34(4):1231-1239.


Morrissey J, Guerinot LM (2009). Iron uptake and transport in plants: The good, the bad, and the ionome, Chemical Reviews 109(10):4553-4567.


Mousavi SR (2011). Zinc in Crop Production and Interaction with Phosphorus, Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 5(9):1503-1509.


Mulongoy K, Giannazzi S, Roger PAA, Dommergues Y (1992). Biofertlizers; agronomic and environmemtal impacts and economics. In Biotechnology|: economic and social aspects, Da Silva, E.J., Ratledge, C., Sasson, A. Ed., Cambridge University Press, pp. 55-69.


Murmu K, Swain DK, Ghosh BC (2013). Comparative assessment of conventional and organic nutrient management on crop growth and yield and soil fertility in tomato-sweet corn production system. Australian Journal of Crop Science 7(11):1617-1626.


Musaninkindi N (2013). Effect of cattle manure, mineral fertilizer and rhizobium inoculation on climbing beans production and soil properties in Burera district, Rwanda. Master of Science in Integrated Soil Fertility Management in the Department of Agricultural Resource Management, Kenyatta University, Kenya.


Nabahungu LN (2003). Effects of limestone, Minjingu phosphate rock and green manure application on iimprovement of acidic soils in Tonga, Burate, Rwanda. Morogoro, Tanzania: Sokoine University.


Ndengu G, Powell M, Barthlomew C, Chirwa R, Tamene, L (2017). Effects of soil management and cropping options on yields of drought tolerant bush bean varieties in two agro-ecologies in central Malawi.


Ngongo M, Lunze L (2000). Espèce d'herbe dominante comme indice de la productivité du sol et de la réponse du haricot commun à l'application du compost. African Crop Science Journal 8(3):251-261.


Ochilo WN, Nyamasyo GH, Nderitu JH (2013). Impact of soil fertility management practices on a major insect pest infestation and yield of beans (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) In Taita District, Kenya. African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nitrution and Development 13(5):8340-8350.


Otsyula RM, Ajanga SI, Buruchara RA, Wortmann CS (1998). Development of an integrated bean root rot strategy for Western Kenya. Africa Crop Science Journal pp. 36-45


Pan African Bean Research Alliances (PABRA) Annual Report (2008). CIAT Kawanda. Kampala, Uganda.


Pereira HS, Del, Peloso PZ, Bassinello CM, Guimarães, LC, Faria LC (2014). Genetic variability for iron and zinc content in common bean lines and interaction with water availability. Genetics and Molecular Research 13(3):6773-6785.


Rui Yu-kui, Fu-suo, Z, Jian-bo S (2009). Effects of nitrogen fertilization on heavy metal content of corn grains. In International Journal of Experimental Botany 78:101-104.


Saettler AW (1991). Diseases caused by bacteria. In Compendium of bean diseases. (R. Hall, ed): 29-32. APS-Press, St. Paul, Minnesota


Salimpour S, Khavazi K, Nadian H, Besharati H, Miransari M (2010). Enhancing phosphorous availability to canola (Brassica napus L.) using P solubilizing and sulfur oxidizing bacteria. Australian Journal of Crop Science 4(5):330-334.


Sanginga N, Woomer PL (2009). Integrated soil fertility management in Africa: principles, practices and developmental process P 270.


Sebuwufu G (2013). Physiology of genotype x soil fertility effects on yield and accumulation of iron and zinc in the common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) seed, Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 13411. 



Stangoulis J (2010). Technical aspects of zinc and iron analysis in biofortification of the staple food crops, wheat and rice. World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, Brisbane, Australia 42:1-6.


Sys C, Schmitz A (1959). Carte des Sols et de la Végétation du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: Région d'Elisabethville (Haut-Katanga). Notice explicative. INEAC, Bruxelles.


The-R-Core-Team (2016). R: A language and environment for statistical computing (P 409). Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing.


Thung M, Rao IM (1999). Integrated management of abiotic stresses. En: Singh, S. (ed.). Common bean improvement in the twenty-first century. Kluwer Academic Publ., Dordrecht, Holanda. pp. 331-370.


Tolera A, Daba F, Hasan Y (2005). Effects of Inorganic and Organic Fertilizers on Grain Yield of Maize-Climbing Bean Intercropping and Soil Fertility in Western Oromiya, Ethiopia. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development. Tropentag, Germany.


Tryphone GM, Nchimbi-Msolla S (2010). Diversity of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) genotypes in iron and zinc contents under screen house conditions. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5(8):738-747.


Van Scoonhoven A, Voyset O (1991). Common Beans: Research for Crop Improvement. CAB international in association with CIAT.


Vanlauwe B, Descheemaeker KE, Giller J, Huising R, Merckx G, Nziguheba, Zingore S (2015). Integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: unravelling local adaptation. SOIL 1:491-508.


Welch RM (1986). Effects of nutrient deficiencies on seed production and quality. Advanced Plant Nutrition 2:205-247.


Welch RM (2001). Micronutrients, agriculture and nutrition; linkages for improved health and well-being. pp. 247-289. In K. Singh et al. (ed.) Perspectives on the micronutrient nutrition of crops. Sci. Publ., Jodhpur, India.


Welch RM, Graham RD (2004). Breeding for micronutrients in staple food crops from a human nutrition perspective. Journal of Experimental Botany 55(396):353-64.


Wortmann CS, Kirkby RA, Eledu CA, Allen DJ (1998). Atlas of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) production in Africa, CIAT, Cali, Colombia P 133.