African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6340

Full Length Research Paper

Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp., Fabaceae) landrace (local farmers’ varieties) diversity and ethnobotany in Southwestern and Eastern parts of Ethiopia

Sisay Alemu
  • Sisay Alemu
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Mulugeta Alemu
  • Mulugeta Alemu
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Zemede Asfaw
  • Zemede Asfaw
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Zerihun Woldu
  • Zerihun Woldu
  • Department of Plant Biology and Biodiversity Management, College of Natural and Computational Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Berhanu Amsalu Fenta
  • Berhanu Amsalu Fenta
  • National Pulse, Oil and Fiber Crops Research Program, Melkassa Agricultural Research Centre (MARC), Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), P. O. Box 436, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 19 October 2018
  •  Accepted: 22 February 2019
  •  Published: 13 June 2019

References

Abebe GI, Hattar BU, Al-Tawaha AR (2005). Nutrient availability as affected by manure application to Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) on calcareous soils. Journal of agriculture and social sciences 1(1):1-6.

 

Agbogidi OM, Egho EO (2012). Evaluation of eight varieties of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) in Asaba agro-ecological environment, Delta State, Nigeria. European Journal of Sustainable Development 1(2):303-314.

 

Alemu M, Asfaw Z, Woldu Z, Amsalu BF, Medvecky B (2016). Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp.) (Fabaceae) landrace diversity in Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 8(11):297-309.
Crossref

 

Alexiades MN (1996). Collecting ethnobotanical data: An introduction to basic concepts and techniques. In: Alexiades MN and Sheldon JW (Eds.). Selected guidelines for ethnobotanical research; a field manual. New York Botanical Garden (NYBG), Bronx, New York pp. 53-80.

 

Ba FS, Pasquet RS, Gepts P (2004). Genetic diversity in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata(L.) Walp.) as revealed by RAPD markers. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 51:539-550.
Crossref

 

Barrett RP (1987). Integrating leaf and seed production strategies for cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp). Absract.Msc Thesis. Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, USA.

 

Brisibe EA, Adugbo SE, Ekanem U, Brisibe F, Figueira GM (2011).Controlling Bruchid Pests of Stored Cowpea Seeds with Dried Leaves of Artemisia annua and Two Other Common Botanicals. African Journal of Biotechnology 10(47):9586-9592.
Crossref

 

Carsky RJ, Singh L, Ndikawa R (1994). Suppression of Striga hermonthicaon Sorghum using a Cowpea intercrop. Journal of Explore Agriculture 30:349-358.
Crossref

 

Chilot Y, Rashid S, Befekadu B, Solomon L (2010). Pulses Value Chain Potential in Ethiopia; Constraints and opportunities for enhancing exports. International Food Policy Research Institute pp. 1-50.

 

Cotton CM (1996). Ethnobotany: Principles and application. John Wiley and Sons Ltd., Baffins lame, Chichester, West Sussex Po19 1UD, England.

 

Dudu PO (1996). Use of local plant materials in the preservation and storage of grains. Paper presented at the Imo state Agric. Development programme 29-30 Oct 1996.

 

Duruigbo CI (2010). Assessing the viability of Maize and Cowpea seeds stored using local plant biocides. New York Science Journal 3(5).

 

Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (EBI) (2014). Cowpea germplasm collection database. Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute (IBE) (unpublished data).

 

Eticha F, Woldeyesus S, Heinrich G (2010). On-farm diversity and characterization of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) landraces in the highlands of West Shewa, Ethiopia. Ethnobotany Research & Applications Journal 8:025-034.
Crossref

 

Fall L, Diouf D, Fall-Ndiaye AM, Badiane FA, Gueye M (2003). Genetic diversity in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) varieties determined by ARA and RAPD techniques. African Journal of Biotechnology 2(2):48-50.
Crossref

 

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (1984). Land Evaluation: Part Three. Crop environmental requirements assistance to land use planning, Ministry of Agriculture, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Fikreselassie M (2012). Variability, heritability and association of some morpho-agronomic traits in field pea (Pisum sativum L.) genotype. Pakistan Journal of Biological Science 15(8):358-366.
Crossref

 

International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR) (1983). Descriptors for cowpea. International Board for Plant Genetic Resources (IBPGR), Rome pp. 14-28.

 

Islam S, Cowmen RC, Ganer JO (2006). Screening for tolerance of stress temperature during germination of twenty-five cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.)Walp.) cultivars. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment 4(2):189-191.

 

Kolawale GO, Tian G, Singh BB (2000). Differential response of cowpea varieties to aluminum and phosphorus application. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23:731-740.
Crossref

 

Lemma G, Worku W, Woldemichael A (2009). Moisture and planting density interactions affect productivity in cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). Journal of Agronomy 8(4):117-123.
Crossref

 

Martin GJ (1995). Ethnobotany. A methods manual. Champan and Hall, Royal Botanical Gardens, Kew, London, UK.
Crossref

 

Mashingaidze AB (2004). Improving weed management and crop productivity in maize systems in Zimbabwe.PhD thesis, Wageningen University, Wageningen.

 

Ogbemudia FO, Denise EM, Ogie-Odia EA, Omonhinmin AC (2010). Comparative germination studies of Cowpea (Vigna unguiculataL. Walp.) and Soy bean (Glycine max L. Merr.) on whole and water saturated fractions of hydrocarbon (hexane). Annals of Biological Research 1(4):34-40.

 

Pasquet RS (1998). Morphological study of cultivated cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) Importance of ovule number and definition of cv Melanophthalmus. Agronomie 18:61-70.
Crossref

 

Patil DM, Sawardekar SV, Gokhale NB, Bhave SG, Sawant SS, Sawantdesai SA, Lipne KA, Sabale SN, Joshi SN (2013). Genetic Diversity Analysis in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata(L.) Walp.)By Using RAPD Markers. International Journal of Innovative Biotechnology and Biochemistry 1(1):15-23.

 

Phillips OL (1996). Some quantitative methods for analyzing ethnobotanical knowledge. In: Alexiades MN and Sheldon JW (Eds.). Selected guidelines for ethnobotanical research: A field manual. The New York Botanical Garden pp. 171-190.

 

Pottorff M, Ehlers JD, Fatokun C, Roberts PA, Close TJ (2012). Leaf morphology in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp): QTL analysis, physical mapping and identifying a candidate gene using syntonic with model legume species. BMC Genomics 13:234.
Crossref

 

Singh BB, Chambliss OL, Sharma B (1997). Recent advances in cowpea. In: Singh B.B., Mohan-Raj D.R., Dashiel K.E., Jackai L.E.N. (Eds.). Advances in cowpea research.Co-publication of International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) and Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS), Ibadan, Nigeria. pp. 30-49.

 

Singh SR, Allen DJ (1982). Cowpea pests and Diseases.International institute of Tropical Agriculture, Manual series No. 2.Ibadan Nigeria.

 

Teshome A, Daniel P, Asfaw Z, Sarah D, Torrance JK (2015). Changes of Sorghum bicolour landrace diversity and farmers' selection criteria over space and time, Ethiopia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 54:1219-1233.
Crossref

 

Thiaw S, Hall AE, Parker DR (1993).Varietal intercropping and the yields and stability of cowpea production in semiarid Senegal. Field Crops Research 33:217-233.
Crossref

 

Thulin M (1989). Fabaceae (Leguminosae). In: Hedberg I. and Edwards S. (Eds). Flora of Ethiopia Vol. 3 Pittosporaceae to Araliaceae.Addis Ababa and Asmara, Ethiopia, Uppsala, Sweden.pp. 49-174.

 

Timko MP, Singh BB (2008). Cowpea, a multifunctional legume, In: Moore P.H. and Ming R. (Eds.), Genomics of Tropical Crop Plants. Springer, New York pp. 227-257.
Crossref

 

Vavilov NI (1951). The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants 72(6):482.
Crossref

 

Westphal E (1974). Pulses in Ethiopia, their taxonomy and agricultural significance.Centre for Agricultural Publishing and Documentation, Wageningen pp. 213-232.

 

Zimdahl E (1999). Fundamentals of Weed Science. Academic Press, London.

 

Zuofa K, Tariah NM, Isirimah NO (1992). Effects of groundnut, cowpea and melon on weed control and the yields of intercropped cassava and maize. Field Crops 28:309-314.
Crossref