African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6380

Full Length Research Paper

Biomass accumulation and potassium concentrations in tissue of Teff (Eragrostis tef Zucc. Trotter) at three growth stages in Vertisols and Nitisols of the Central Highlands of Ethiopia

Mulugeta Demiss
  • Mulugeta Demiss
  • Hawassa University, College of Agriculture, P. O. Box 05, Hawassa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Sheleme Beyene
  • Sheleme Beyene
  • Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar
Selamyihun Kidanu
  • Selamyihun Kidanu
  • OCP Societe Anonyme Commercial Representative Office, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Google Scholar

  •  Received: 31 October 2018
  •  Accepted: 17 January 2019
  •  Published: 07 February 2019


Agrawal C, McCave R (1991). Laser diffraction size analysis, in: J, P, M, S. (Ed.), Principles, Methods and Application of Particle Size Analysis. Cambridge University Press P 368.


Akporhonor E, Egwaikhide A, Odillora A (2005). Studies on the Variation of Macro Nutrient Level Uptake of Maize Plants Stem with Age. Journal Applied Science Environment Management 9:197-199.


Assefa K, Aliye S, Belay G, Metaferia G, Tefera H, Sorrells ME (2011). Quncho: The first popular tef variety in Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability 9:25-34.


Astatke A, Mamo T, Peden D, Diedhiou M (2004). Participatory on-farm conservation tillage trial in the Ethiopian highland Vertisols: The impact of potassium application on crop yields. Experimental Agriculture 40:369-379.


Bruker Optic GMbH (2011). Opus Release 7 [software]. Ettlingen, Germany.


Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia (CSA) (2017). Report on area and production of major crops. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Costigan P, Greenwood D, McBurney T (1983). Variation in yield between two similar sandy loam soils. I Description of soils and measurement of yield differences. Journal of Soil Science 34(3):621-637.


Debele B (1985). The Vertisols of Ethiopia: their properties, classification and management, in: Fifth Meeting of the Eastern African Sub-Committee for Soil Correlation and Land Evaluation, Wad Medani. World Soil Resources Reports, No. 56. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), Rome., Wad Medani, Sudan pp. 31-54.


Demissie A (2011). Tef genetic Resources in Ethiopia., in: Hailu Tefera, G.B. and M.S. (Ed.), Narrowing the Rift. Tef Research and Development. Debre Zeit, Ethiopia pp. 27-31.


Elias E (2016) Soils of the Ethiopian highlands: geomorphology and properties. ALTERA Wageningen University Research Centre, The Netherlands. ISBN: 978-99944-952-6-9.


Elias E (2017). Characteristics of Nitisol profiles as affected by land use type and slope class in some Ethiopian highlands. Environment System Research 6:20.


Ethiopian Soils Information System (EthioSIS) (2016). Soil fertility status and fertilizer recommendation atlas of Amhara National Regional State, Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Ethiopian Soils Information System (EthioSIS) (2013). Towards improved fertilizer recommendations in Ethiopia – Nutrient indices for categorization of fertilizer blends from EthioSIS woreda soil inventory data. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Fufa I, Tesfa B, Hailu T, Assefa K, Kefyalew T, Abera D, Seyfu K (2001). Agronomy research in Tef, in: Hailu Tefera, Getachew Belay, M.S. (Ed.), Narrowing The Rift. Tef Research and Development International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement". Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Gawronska E, Nalborczyk H (1989). Photosynthetic productivity of winter rye (Secale cereale L.) II. Biomass accumulation and distribution in six cultivars of winter rye (Secale-cereale L.). Acta Physiology Plant 11(3):265-277.


Gebretsadik H, Haile M, Yamoah C (2009). Tillage Frequency, Soil Compaction and N-Fertilizer Rate Effects on Yield of Teff (Eragrostis Tef (Zucc) Trotter) in Central Zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Momona Ethiopian Journal of Science 1:82-94.


Horiba L (2010). NextGen Project LA-950 for Windows Release 7.01.


Izsáki Z, Kádi N (2013). Biomass Accumulation and Nutrient Uptake of Jerusalem Artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L .). American Journal of Plant Sciences 4:1629-1640.


Jones C, Olson-rutz K, Dinkins C (2011). Nutrient Uptake Timing by Crops. MSU extension pp. 1-8.


Karlen D, Whitney D (1980). Dry matter accumulation, mineral concentrations, and nutrient distribution in winter wheat. Agronomy Journal 72:281-288.


Laboski M, Carrie A (2006). Seasonal Variability in Soil Test Potassium. University of Wisconsin-Madison.


Lal P, Reddy G, Modi M (1978). Accumulation and Redistribution Pattern of Dry Matter and N in Triticale and Wheat Varieties Under Water Stress Condition (AJ). 70:2134. 


Malhi S, Johnston M, Schoenau J, Wang H, Vera L (2006). Seasonal biomass accumulation and nutrient uptake of wheat, barley and oat on a Black Chernozern soil in Saskatchewan. Can. Journal Plant Science 86:1005-1014.


Mallarino P, Murrell S (1998). No-till corn grain yield responses to band applications of potassium. Better Crop with Plant Food 8:4-6.


Mamo T, Erkossa T, Tulema B (2001). Agronomy research in tef, in: Hailu T., Getachew B., Mark, S. (Ed.), Narrowing the Rift. Tef Research and Development. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Tef Genetics and Improvement. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


Meena K, Amrutsagar M, Verma K, Seth V, Meena R, Kumar M, Jat K (2015). Critical limits of potassium in soil and plant for increased productivity of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L .) 21 p.


Mehlich A (1984). Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: A modification of Mehlich 2 extractant. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 15:1409-1416.


Mengel K, Kirkby A (2001). Principles of plant nutrition, 5th ed. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 


Miller O, Jacobsen S (2004). Nutrient Uptake Patterns of Spring Wheat. Better Crops 88:6-9.


Mulugeta D, Mamo T, Sokolowski E,   Nachmansohn J (2017). Potash fertilization of teff and wheat in the highlands of Ethiopia. Electronic International Fertilizer Correspondent (e-ifc) 48:1-19.


Mulugeta D, Mamo T, Shelem .B, Selamyihun K ( 2018). Critical levels of Potassium in Soil for Teff ( Eragrostis tef ( Zucc .) Trotter ) Grown in the Central Highland Soils of Ethiopia. Unpublished.


Niu J, Zhang W, Chen X, Li C, Zhang F, Jiang L, Liu Z, Xiao K, Assaraf M, Imas P (2011). Potassium fertilization on maize under different production practices in the North China plain. Agronomy Journal 103:822-829.


Olivera H, Rosolem A, Trigueiro M (2004). Importance off mass flow and diffusion on the potassium supply to cotton plants as afected by soil water and potassium. Revista Brasileira De Ciencia Do Solo 28:439-445.


Quirine MK, Greg A, Jen B (2005). Soil pH for Field Crops. Agronomy Fact Sheet Series, Fact sheet 5. Cornell University.


Redmon A, Mcfarland L (2013). Soil pH and forage production. Texas A&M Agrilife Ext. pp. 7-9.


Reynolds P, Rajaram S, Sayre D (1999). Physiological and genetic changes of irrigated wheat in the post-green revolution period and approaches for meeting projected global demand. Crop Science 39:1611-1621. 


Rhoads M, Stanley L (1981). Fertilizer scheduling, yield, and nutrient uptake of irrigated corn. Agronomy Journal 73:971-974. 


Rhue D, Hensel R. Kidder G (1986). Effect of K fertilization on yield and leaf nutrient concentrations of potatoes grown on a sandy soil. Am. potato., 63:665-681. 


Sangakkara R, Frehner M, Nösberger J (2001). In fluence of Soil Moisture and Fertilizer Potassium on the Vegetative Growth of Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) and Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp). Journal Agronomy Crop Science 81:73-81. 


SAS Institute Inc (2008). SAS/STAT 9.2 User's Guide, in: SAS/STAT 9.2 User's Guide.


Schneider K, Anderson L (2010). Yield Gap and Productivity Potential in Ethiopian Agriculture : Staple Grains and Pulses. EPAR Brief No. 98.


Seyfu K (1997). Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter: Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops. 12.


Sharma N, Singh R, Kumar K (2012). "Dry Matter Accumulation and Nutrient Uptake by Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Poplar (Populus deltoides) Based Agroforestry System," ISRN Agronomy pp. 1-7.


Teklu Y, Tefera H (2005). Genetic improvement in grain yield potential and associated agronomic traits of tef (Eragrostis tef). Euphytica 141:247-254. 


Tulema B, Zapata F, Aune J, Sitaula B (2005). N fertilisation, soil type and cultivars effects on N use efficiency in tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotte]. Nutrient cycling in agroecosystems 71:203-211. 


Vandenboogaard R, Kostadinova S, Veneklaas E, Lambers H (1995). Association of Water-Use Efficiency and Nitrogen Use Efficiency With Photosynthetic Characteristics of 2 Wheat Cultivars. Journal of Experimental Botany 46:1429-1438.


Wang N, Hua H, Egrinya A, Li Z, Duan L, Tian X (2012). Genotypic variations in photosynthetic and physiological adjustment to potassium deficiency in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology 110:1-8. 


Westermann T, Bosma M, Kay A (1994). Nutrient Concentration Relationships between the Fourth Petiole and Uper-stem of Potato Plants. American Potato Journal 71:817-828.


Yigzaw Y, Gorton L, Akalu G (2001). Fermentation of teff (Eragrostis tef), their mixtures : Aspects of Nutrition and Food Safety 2:8-10.


Zewdie E (2013). Properties of major agricultural soils of Ethiopia, Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany.


Zhao Y, Cao L, Han H, Chen G (2001).Study on Soil nutrients spatial variability in Yushu City pp. 1-7.


Zia-Ul-Hassan M (2010). Cotton growth under potassium deficiency stress is influenced by photosynthetic apparatus and root system. Pakistan Journal Botany 42:917-925.


Zou J, Lu W (2010). Yield Response of Winter Rapeseed to Potassium Fert ilization, Use Efficiency and Soil's Potassium Critical Level in the Yangtze River Valley. Optimization Crop Nutrition 23:6-9.