African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6859

Table of Content: 19 March 2015; 10(12)

March 2015

Evaluation of a different fertilisation in technology of corn for silage, sugar beet and meadow grasses production and their impact on the environment in Poland

The most significant and irreversible is the overexploitation of the environment, which is constantly exposed to various forms of pollution. Soil pollution is the result of excessive use of fertilizer in a limited area for growing. Total of 30 technologies were analysed, specifying the pollution degree from fertilizers and natural manure. Technologies concerned three crops: corn for silage, sugar beet and meadow...

Author(s): Kamil Krzysztof Roman and Anita Konieczna

March 2015

Enhancing the growth and yield of pigeon pea through growth promoters and organic mulching- A review

Pigeon pea, a widely spaced row crop having initial slow growth is sensitive to weed competition during early stages of its growth period. A large proportion of uncovered land during early stages is taken over by rank weed growth, which may cause drastic reduction in growth and yield of pigeon pea. Pigeon pea with additional canopy may suppress weeds, due to shade. To accomplish the same, foliar application of micro...

Author(s): Rajesh N., PaulPandi V. K. and Duraisingh R.

March 2015

Characterization of bacterial strains and their impact on plant growth promotion and yield of wheat and microbial populations of soil

The aim of this research work is to evaluate the potentiality of bacterial strains isolated from rhizosphere of various cropping systems on growth, yield and soil microbial populations at harvest of wheat under pot and field experiments. Bacterial isolates, isolated from rhizosphere of various cropping systems. Morphological, biochemical and molecular characterization of bacterial strains were done. All the bacterial...

Author(s): Ashok Kumar, Bihari Ram Maurya and Richa Raghuwanshi

March 2015

Comparing stakeholder views for mutual acceptable food value chain upgrading strategies in Tanzania

The number of rural poor has been reported to rise in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) while per capita food consumption in the region is on the decline and food insecurity has been much embedded. Thus, knowing upgrading strategies (UPS) to be used in making a living and would have great chance of benefiting majority hence provide solutions to poverty, food insecurity and malnutrition. This paper assesses and compares the views...

Author(s): Lutengano Mwinuka, Isa Schneider, Claude Maeda, Khamaldin D. Mutabazi, Jeremia Makindara, Frieder Graef, Stefan Sieber, Elirehema Swai, Hadijah Mbwana and Martha Swamila

March 2015

Influence of soil moisture levels and packaging on postharvest qualities of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)

Preharvest factors influence postharvest quality of tomatoes. Whereas water stress improves fruit total soluble solids; and polyethylene is used for packaging of fresh horticultural produce, little is known about their combined effects on quality and shelf life of tomatoes. The objective of this study was to investigate the independent and interactive effects of deficit irrigation and packaging on postharvest quality...

Author(s): Caroline Imani Sibomana, Arnold Mathew Opiyo and Joseph Nyamori Aguyoh

March 2015

Morphometric analysis of Sonar sub-basin using SRTM data and geographical information system (GIS)

The study focused mainly on the geometry, more emphasis on the morphometric characteristics of the drainage basin. An attempt has been made to study drainage morphometry and its influence on hydrology of Sonar Sub-basin, M.P. India. For detailed study we used Shuttle Radar Topographic Mission (SRTM) data for preparing Digital Elevation Model (DEM), and slope maps, Geographical Information System (GIS) was used in...

Author(s): Shri Kant, Surjeet Singh, Anupam Kumar Nema and Sumeet Meshram

March 2015

Agronomic performance of lettuce produced in trays with different cell number and field spacings

The cultivation of lettuce is notable in the field of olericulture due to its worldwide economic and food importance. This study aimed to evaluate the agronomic performance of mimosa lettuce cv. Lavínia produced in a polystyrene tray system with different cell number and field spacings. Seedlings were produced in trays of 128, 200 and 288 cells and cultivated in a protected environment. Twenty-five days...

Author(s): Thiago Alberto Ortiz, Lúcia Sadayo Assari Takahashi and Rerison Catarino da Hora

March 2015

Difference in germination rate of Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) provenances contrasting in their seed morphometrics when pretreated with concentrated sulfuric acid

Baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) is considered an under-utilized species even though it is an economically useful tree often used daily in the diet of rural communities in West Africa. Baobab seeds do not germinate immediately after they are released from ripe fruits due to dormancy imposed by hard seed coats. A study was carried out to assess (1) best soaking duration for seed pretreatment in concentrated sulfuric acid...

Author(s): Marème Niang, Macoumba Diouf, Samba Arona Ndiaye Samba, Ousmane Ndoye, Ndiaga Cissé and Patrick Van Damme, ,

March 2015

Educational and communication strategies used by extension workers in Onitsha Agricultural Zone of Anambra State, Nigeria

The study examined the education and communication strategies used by extension workers in Onitsha Agricultural zone of Anambra State, Nigeria. A total of forty extension workers, comprising of thirty-five extension agents and five subject matter specialists were used. Structured questionnaires were used in collecting relevant information. Data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and a Likert-type scale. The...

Author(s): Onwubuya E. A., Nenna M. G. and Ugbaja M. O.

March 2015

Process capacity index in drip irrigation with cassava wastewater processing

The study aimed to evaluate the performance of drip irrigation systems with clean water application and cassava wastewater processing, by determining the distribution uniformity coefficient (CUD) and the process capability index (Cpl). The research was carried out in an agroindustrial area from western Paraná State, Brazil, where two irrigation systems were set and operated in different periods. After the essays...

Author(s): Eliane Hermes, Marcio Antonio Vilas Boas, Lineu Neiva Rodrigues, Eloy Lemos de Melo, Manoel Penachio Gonçalves, Marcos Araújo Lins and Jussara Silva Berger

March 2015

Impact and simulation of soil organic carbon on soil water infiltration process

Based on the data of soil organic carbon content and soil water infiltration rates on four kinds of forest land, features of the organic carbon content distribution and the infiltration process of water in the soil were analyzed. It is found that, from large to small, the sorting of the four kinds of forest land on average soil organic carbon content are respectively: broad leaved mixed forest, mixed coniferous and...

Author(s): Jing Li,, Dandong Chang and Xiaohui Yang

March 2015

Phytotoxicity of Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. leaves extract

The objective of this study was to evaluate the phytotoxicity of Solanum aculeatissimum Jacq. leaves ethanolic extract in seeds germination, development and fixation of Lactuca sativa seedlings. The same study also aimed to assess the mitotic index of lettuce roots meristematic cells, quantification of phenols and total flavonoids and triage by mean of phytochemical testing of the main secondary metabolites classes....

Author(s): Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva, Paulo José Rodrigues Merle, Gustavo Rafagnin  Martins, Gustavo Franciscatti Mecina, Valter Henrique Marinho dos Santos, Giuseppina Pace Pereira Lima, Pamela Cristina Santos, Erika Cosendey Toledo de Mello Peixoto and Luciana Pereira da Silva

March 2015

Integrated evaluation of soil fertility based on grey correlation analysis at regional scales

This paper reports on studies of soil samples from the region of Xiaoliang water conservation station, in China, and its naturally restored forest. 32 indices based on the physical, chemical, microbiological and enzyme properties of the soil are studied, from 9 different vegetation patterns at 45 observation points. Grey correlation analysis and integrated evaluation is used for the analysis of soil fertility. From...

Author(s): Yu Zhang, Hua Liu and Chris Bingham

March 2015

Post-harvest effects on beverage quality and physiological performance of coffee beans

During coffee drying, different temperatures applied to the beans with varied humidity content levels can interfere in the membranes integrity, germination, organic acid and carbohydrate content resulting in coffees with distinct flavors. The quality control of the beans will be much more effective the earlier the alterations provoked in the postharvest are detected. This work has an objective to study alternative...

Author(s): José Henrique Da S. Taveira, Flávio M. Borém, Sttela Delyzette V. F. Da Rosa, Pedro D. Oliveira, Gerson S. Giomo, Eder P. Isquierdo and Valquíria A. Fortunato

March 2015

Prediction of somatic growth of tropical fish using a simple mathematical formula

Age determination or growth rate of fishes is a critical component of a proper fishery management. Current methods of fish age determination or growth rate have several drawbacks, including, large numbers of fish needed over time for analyses, subjective interpretations during age determination or the use of expensive instrument for analysis. In this report, a simple theoretically derived mathematical formula is...

Author(s): Anderson Mon

March 2015

Evaluation of soybean [Glycine max (L.)Merr.] genotypes for agronomic and quality traits in Kenya

The interaction between genotypes and environments results in significant differences in the performance of genotypes when tested in various environments. Fifteen soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] genotypes were evaluated for yield and protein content in Kenya aiming to quantifying and identifying high yielding genotypes for human food and livestock feed. The study was conducted in Eldoret (0° 35¢N,...

Author(s): James N. Njoroge, James O. Owouche and Maurice E. Oyoo

March 2015

Associations of traits with yield in Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) accessions in the highlands of southern Tigray, Ethiopia

Dekoko (Pisum sativum var. abyssinicum) is a unique crop developed and cultivated in Ethiopia. The objectives of the study were; understanding the genetic variability present in Dekoko population, determining the correlation between grain yield, protein content and other traits and understanding traits that can be used for indirect selection for high grain yield and high protein content. Local collections of Dekoko were...

Author(s): Haddis Yirga, Hussein Mohammed, Berhanu Abate and Birhanu Amare

March 2015

Review of the pest status, economic impact and management of fruit-infesting flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) in Africa

Fruit flies are a major threat to the horticulture industry in Africa owing to their damage incidence and economic losses to fruit and vegetable crops, and their quarantine implications. Numerous studies with different research interests have been conducted on fruit flies throughout the African continent. Despite these studies, there is little knowledge among stakeholders about fruit fly pests in terms of the...

Author(s): Badii K. B. , Billah M. K., Afreh-Nuamah K., Obeng-Ofori D. and Nyarko G.

March 2015

Chemical properties of a soil cultivated with color cotton irrigated with wastewater in the brazilian semi-arid

Research found the effect of treated wastewater on chemical properties of the soil cultivated with cotton. The soil fertility was studied by using a randomized blocks experimental design in factorial scheme (4 x 2) with three replications, whose factors were four treated wastewater depths (278, 416, 554 and 692 mm) and two soil sampling times (before and after cultivation of colored cotton, with a rainfall of 89 mm...

Author(s): Carlos Alberto Vieira de Azevedo, Roberto Vieira Pordeus, Wagner Walker de Albuquerque Alves, José Dantas Neto, Vera Lúcia Antunes de Lima and Márcia Rejane de Queiroz Almeida Azevedo

March 2015

Studies on some non-genetic factors affecting reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian × Deoni crossbred cows

The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of non-genetic factors on reproductive performance of Holstein Friesian × Deoni crossbred cows. Data representing 256 HF × Deoni crossbred cows from cattle crossbreeding project with 1485 total records of lactation over a 30 years period were analyzed to determine the effects of period of calving, season of calving, age at first calving and parity on...

Author(s): W. Zewdu, B. M. Thombre and D. V. Bainwad

March 2015

Performance of rice varieties in relation to nitrogen levels under irrigated condition

The field experiment was conducted at the research farm College of Agriculture, JNKVV, Rewa M.P. during kharif season 2011 to study the performance of rice varieties and relation to nitrogen level under irrigated conditions. Twenty one treatment combinations, comprising three nitrogen levels (40, 80 and 120 kg ha-1) allotted to the main plots and seven varieties (IET 21288, Jaldidhan, Varalu, IET 21296, IET 21278,...

Author(s): V. K. Shukla, R. K. Tiwari, D. K. Malviya, S. K. Singh and U. S. Ram

March 2015

Management of non-timber forest products harvesting: Rules and regulations governing (Imbrasia belina) access in South-Eastern Lowveld of Zimbabwe

Non timber forest products such as Imbrasia belina (mopane worms) provide a wide range of benefits to the rural dwellers in the semi-arid areas of South East Lowveld of Zimbabwe. Rules and regulations governing mopane worm use and access in the study area that comprised of a communal area, resettlement area, small-scale farms and a national game park and the relationship of these rules to harvesting of mopane worms were...

Author(s): Edward Mufandaedza, Doreen Z. Moyo and Paul Makoni