African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6559

Table of Content: 28 February, 2013; 8(7)

February 2013

Factors influencing access to credit: A case study of smallholder farmers in the Capricorn district of South Africa

The study was pursued to ascertain factors that affect smallholder farmer’s access to credit sources in the Capricorn District Municipality of Limpopo Province, South Africa. A stratified sampling method was employed to select 250 smallholder farmers in the study area. Structured questionnaires were developed, pre-tested and used for collecting data from the sampled smallholder farmers. The logistic regression...

Author(s): P. K. Chauke , M. L. Motlhatlhana, T. K. Pfumayaramba and F. D. K. Anim

February 2013

Genetic diversity of some selected Nigeria cowpea using simple sequence repeats (SSR) marker

  Six primers named VM 9, VM 27, VM 36, VM 39, VM 74 and VM 98 were utilized to assess their ability to reveal polymorphisms in 20 cowpea accessions collected from Ibadan, South-western Nigeria using Simple Sequence Repeats (SSR). Reaction products (bands) of the SSR analysis were moderately high and polymorphic. The most distinct accession at agglomerative coefficient of 42 (level of similarity) was...

Author(s):   Adetiloye, I. S., Ariyo, O. J., Alake, C. O., Oduwaye, O. O. and Osewa, S. O.

February 2013

Seroprevalence and risk factors influenced transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs and cats in dairy farms in Western Thailand

  The objectives of this study were to determine seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in dogs and cats in dairy farms of the western provinces of Thailand, and to evaluate the risk factors for the infection. Dogs and cats from positive dairy farms were collected as case and pets from neighboring farms were randomly selected as control; 40 herds in total. 114 dogs and 36 cats sera sample was...

Author(s):   Pipat Arunvipas, Sathaporn Jittapalapong, Tawin Inpankaew, Nongnuch Pinyopanuwat, Wissanuwat Chimnoi and Soichi Maruyama

February 2013

Antifungal approach of phenolic compounds against Fusarium udum and Fusarium oxysporum f.sp.ciceri

  Application of phenolic compounds has been an effective management strategy on account of unavailability of suitable disease-resistant cultivars for commercial use. The antifungal effect of phenolic compounds viz.salicylic acid, phenol and benzoic acid was determined by in vitro study. It was found that salicylic acid at 0.1% and phenol at 0.15% concentration completely (100%) checks the growth...

Author(s):   Ankita Shukla and S. K. Dwivedi

February 2013

Allelopathic potential of sunflower and caster bean on germination properties of dodder (Cuscuta compestris)

  Allelopathic impacts of two crops, sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) and caster bean (Ricinus communis L.) were evaluated against dodder (Cuscuta compestris) germination properties. Different plants residue, plant parts (root, shoot, leaf and whole plant), various concentrations of aqueous extract and decay durations were employed as study factors under completely randomized design (CRD) with...

Author(s):   M. Seyyedi, P. Rezvani Moghaddam, R. Shahriari, M. Azad and E. Eyshi Rezaei

February 2013

Harvest frequency effect on plant height, grass tiller production, plant cover and percentage dry matter production of some forage grasses and legumes in the derived savannah, Nigeria

  Four legumes, Lablab purpureus, Stylosanthes hamata, Centrosema pascuorum and Stylosanthes guyanensis and 4 grasses, Sorghum almum, Panicum maximum, Chloris gayana and Andropogon gayanuswere investigated in a 2-year study at Nsukka, derived savannah, Nigeria. The response of these species to cutting management (4 and 8-weekly intervals) was evaluated. Increasing the interval...

Author(s):   C. C. Onyeonagu and J. E. Asiegbu

February 2013

Effects of methanol and some micro-macronutrients foliar applications on maize (Zea mays L.) maternal plants on subsequent generation yield and reserved mineral nutrients of the seed

  Tests were done to investigate effects of foliar applications in various combinations on maternal corn plants for reserved mineral nutrients and seed yield in a subsequent generation. The experiment was done as a factorial based on randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications during the growing season of 2009 to 2011. Treatments tested in the investigation were as follows: Four...

Author(s):   M. Yarnia, E. Khalilvand Behrouzyar, F.R. Khoii, M. Mogaddam and M. N. Safarzadeh Vishkaii

February 2013

Nutrient potential of Almond seed (Terminalia catappa) sourced from three states of Eastern Nigeria

  The study was carried out to evaluate the proximate and nutrient contents of Almond (Terminalia catappa) seeds obtained from three states of eastern Nigeria, namely: Imo, Enugu and Anambra states. Hundred seeds were handpicked from each state. The physical characteristics (length, circumference, whole weight, weight of kernels (nuts) and the hull) of the fruits were measured. Proximate, physiochemical and...

Author(s): Mbah B. O., Eme P. E. and Eze C. N.

February 2013

Productivity of soil fertilised with faecal manure of cattle fed Calliandra, Gliricidia and Luecaena browse/maize silages

  The use of farmyard manure to improve soil productivity is a key element in mixed crop/livestock farming systems. Browse/maize silage mixtures (20% browse DM basis) of Calliandra, Gliricidia, and Leucaena and maize silage alone and their corresponding cattle faecal manure were applied to the soil to determine their effect on soil productivity. Hopi Red Dye Amaranthus (Amaranthus cruentus) was used as the test...

Author(s):   Habib Kato, Felix Budara Bareeba and Elly Nyabombo Sabiiti

February 2013

Long-term behavior of Cu and Zn in soil and leachate of an intensive no-tillage system under swine wastewater and mineral fertilization

  The fertilization of crops with swine wastewater is a common practice and attractive for the reduction of natural resources and environmental pollution control. The feasibility of such use is due to the large volume of waste generated and the amount of nutrients that are easily mineralized when applied in soil. However, copper and zinc, added in high concentrations in swine rations, can...

Author(s):   Shaiane D.M. Lucas, Silvio C. Sampaio, Miguel A. Uribe-Opazo, Simone D. Gomes, Nathalie C. H. Kessler and Naimara V. Prado

February 2013

Effect of sowing dates, fertility levels and cutting managements on growth, yield and quality of oats (Avena sativa L.)

  A two year study was conducted during rabi seasons of 2009-10 and 2010-11 at Research Farm of Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir to find out the influence of sowing dates, fertility levels and cutting management on growth, yield and quality of oats. The results revealed that September 30 sowing recorded significant improvement in green...

Author(s):   Intikhab Aalum Jehangir, H. U. Khan, M. H. Khan, F. Ur-Rasool, R. A. Bhat, T. Mubarak, M. A. Bhat and S. Rasool