African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6559

Table of Content: 4 April, 2013; 8(12)

April 2013

Genetic variability of morphological and yield traits in Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus L.)

Thirty genotypes of Dolichos bean (Lablab purpureus) were evaluated to study the genetic variability on yield, yield-contributing and related characters. The highest and lowest coefficient of variation was observed for single podded clusters per plant and protein content respectively. Little or no difference between the phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variability in the expression of various horticultural...

Author(s): A. M. Parmar, A. P. Singh, N. P. S. Dhillon and M. Jamwal

April 2013

Allelopathic effect of aqueous leaves extract of Moringa oleifera L. on seedling growth of Cicer arietinum L.

Allelopathy is an interference mechanism, in which live or dead plant materials release chemical substances, which inhibit or stimulate the associated plant growth. In the present study an attempt has been made to investigate the potential allelopathic effects at different concentrations (2.5, 5.0, 7.5 and 10.0%) of Moringa oleifera leaves extract on seed germination, seed biomass, radicle length and...

Author(s): Krishan Murari Mangal, Jawahar Lal Bhat, Ajay Kumar and Pragati Saini

April 2013

Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions model (AMMI) and genotype main effect and genotype by environment interaction (GGE) biplot analysis of multi-environmental wheat variety trials

Genotype by environment (G×E) interaction is associated with the differential performance of genotypes tested at different locations and in different years, and influences selection and recommendation of cultivars. Wheat genotypes were evaluated in six environments to determine the G×E interactions and stability of the genotypes. Additive main effects and multiplicative interactions (AMMI) was conducted for...

Author(s): Asnake Worku Negash, Henry Mwambi, Temesgen Zewotir and Girma Taye

April 2013

Genetic and phenotypic diversity in selected genotypes of tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.)] Trotter

Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter] is an important staple food crop, especially in Ethiopia where it is annually grown on 2.8 million hectares of land. It is important for food security in the region, in spite of having a low yield, mainly due to lodging. In this study, 15 representative landraces as well as three improved varieties have been selected for in-depth characterization of many parameters, especially...

Author(s): Sonia Plaza-Wüthrich, Gina Cannarozzi and ZerihunTadele

April 2013

Responses of sapodilla fruit (Manilkara zapota [L.] P. Royen) to postharvest treatment with 1methylcyclopropene

The effect of 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) on ripening and chilling injury in sapodilla fruits was investigated. Sapodilla fruits were treated with four different concentrations of 1-MCP (0.0, 0.2, 0.5 or 1.0 µL/L) and two exposure times (12 or 24 h) in sealed chambers under different temperatures (15 and 25°C). Following the previous treatment, fruits were stored at 25°C with 85 to 95%...

Author(s): Victor Manuel Moo-Huchin, Iván Alfredo Estrada-Mota, Raciel Javier Estrada-Leon, Elizabeth Ortiz-Vazquez, Jorge Pino Alea, Adriana Quintanar-Guzman, Luis Fernando Cuevas-Glory and Enrique Sauri-Duch

April 2013

The effects of agricultural subsidies applied in Turkey on sunflower cultivation area and the producers’ income

Sunflower takes an important place in terms of raw materials provided for the oil industry and of added value, as well as bring-in income for producers in Turkey’s economy. Sunflower is an important source of income by standing the main product in alternation of the wheat in the sense of manufacturers in Thrace Region which constitutes the European part of Turkey. In this study, the effect of premium support...

Author(s): Arif Semerci

April 2013

Responses of Mmupudu (Mimusops zeyheri) indigenous fruit tree to three soil types

Mmupudu (Mimusops zeyheri) is an indigenous fruit tree to South Africa, with the potential of being domesticated for its aesthetic and nutritional attributes in rural and urban communities which were historically settled on heavy clay and loam soils, respectively. A pot study was conducted to investigate the performance of M. zeyheri seedlings under loam, clay and sandy soils. Relative to loam, clay increased...

Author(s): Phatu W. Mashela, Kgabo M. Pofu and Bombiti Nzanza

April 2013

Effect of calcium fortification and steaming on chemical, physical and cooking properties of milled rice

Milled rice of two varieties, Jehlum and Shlimar Rice-1 were subjected to seven chemical treatments and five steaming treatments for calcium fortification. Physic-chemical and organoleptic evaluations of each treatment were carried out before and after fortification. Jehlum proved superior in whiteness (L -value), starch and sugar content, volume expansion, elongation ratio and minimum cooking time, while Shalimar...

Author(s): Abid Ali Lone, Qazi Nissar Ahmed, Shaiq A. Ganai, Imtiyaz A Wani, Rayees A. Ahanger, Hilal A. Bhat and Tauseef A. Bhat

April 2013

An assessment of support provided to smallholder farmers: A case study of the Vhembe District, South Africa

This paper assesses some support strategies provided to randomly selected smallholder irrigation farmers in Vhembe District, South Africa. Although irrigation farmers were selected as units of study, the focus is on all smallholder farmers. In particular the study investigates the extent to which smallholder farmers benefited from the new government policy of redressing injustices in South Africa by providing support to...

Author(s): Phineas Khazamula Chauke, Thizwilondi Dennis Nekhavhambe and Tichaona Kudakwashe Pfumayaramba

April 2013

Impact of effective and indigenous microorganisms manures on Colocassia esculenta and enzymes activities

This study deals with the evaluation of the effect of effective microorganisms (EM) and indigenous microorganisms (IMO) manure on Colocasia esculenta (Taro) in Bambili-Cameroon. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three treatments (EM manure, IMO manure and control) and six replications were conducted. Investigations were performed taking into account morphological and agronomical parameters as well...

Author(s): Hermann Désiré Mbouobda, Fotso, Carole Astride Djeuani, Kilovis Fai and Ndoumou Denis Omokolo

April 2013

Statutory regulations of dead animal carcass disposal in Nigeria: A case study of Enugu State

The present study examined the statutory regulations governing the disposal of dead animal carcasses in Nigeria. A detailed literature review of the criminal code (Cap 77 Laws of the Federation of Nigeria, 1990), Animal Diseases (control) Act [Cap 18 LFN1990 and a structured interview of 120 livestock farmers in Enugu State of Nigeria was carried out. The Criminal Code and Animal Diseases (control) Act have numerous...

Author(s): ONYIMONYI, Anselm Ego, MACHEBE, Ndubuisi Samuel and UGWUOKE, Jervas  

April 2013

Performance of baby corn (Zea mays L.) as influenced by spacing, nitrogen fertilization and plant growth regulators under sub humid condition in Rajasthan, India

A field experiment was conducted during kharif 2010 and 2011 at Instructional farm of Rajasthan College of Agriculture Udaipur, Rajasthan, India to study the effect of crop spacing (45 × 20, 60 × 15 and 90 × 10 cm), nitrogen levels (60, 90 and 120 kg ha-1) and plant growth regulators (control, N-acetyl Aspartate (NAA) at 40 ppm and mepiquat chloride at 200 ppm) on yield attributes, yield and...

Author(s): Shankar Lal Golada, Ganpat Lal Sharma and H. K. Jain