African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6859

Table of Content: 4 September 2014; 9(36)

September 2014

Maize streak virus: A review of pathogen occurrence, biology and management options for smallholder farmers

Maize streak disease is a major threat to cereal crops amongst smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa causing up to US$480 million losses annually. It is caused by Maize streak virus (MSV), a geminivirus that is indigenous to Africa. The virus is transmitted by at least 11 Cicadulina species, with Cicadulina mbila being the main vector. In addition to cereals, the virus also infects wild grasses. There are 11 known...

Author(s): Charles Karavina

September 2014

Pre-breeding of elephant grass for energy purposes and biomass analysis in Campos dos Goytacazes- RJ, Brazil

The objective of this study was to evaluate the morpho-agronomic traits of eighty five accessions of elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.) from the germplasm bank located at the Experimental Field of the State Center for Research on Bioenergy and Waste Recovery (Centro Estadual de Pesquisa em Agroenergia e Aproveitamento de Resíduos). The experimental design was a randomized block with two replicates, in...

Author(s): Maria Lorraine Fonseca Oliveira, Rogério Figueiredo Daher, Geraldo de Amaral Gravina, Verônica Brito da Silva, Alexandre Pio Viana, Erina Vitório Rodrigues, Aldo Shimoya, Antônio Teixeira do Amaral Junior, Bruna Rafaela da Silva Menezes and Avelino dos Santos Rocha

September 2014

Effect of Fipronil toxicity in haematological parameters in white leghorn cockerels

Pesticide use in the modern agriculture, animal husbandry and public health practices has increased enormously. Pesticides affect man, environment and wild life including birds. Pesticides including fungicides, herbicides and insecticides are the major class of chemicals deliberately released into the environment because of their indiscriminate use in various agricultural practices. Pesticides are present in air, soil...

Author(s): Dheeraj Adhikari, Seema Agarwal and Astha Chandra

September 2014

Comparative analysis of rice milling strategies: Evidence from rice millers in Benin

Milling and related activities are central to the improvement of the quality of locally produced rice in many African countries. Fee-based milling and paddy buying-milling-selling services are among the strategies used in the milling business. The Heckman two-stage model and gross profit method were used on survey data, collected in 2011 on rice millers in major rice-producing regions of Benin to identify the factors...

Author(s): Rose Fiamohe, Aliou Diagne and Vincent Flifli

September 2014

Major postpartum problems of dairy cows managed in small and medium scale production systems in Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia

A longitudinal study was conducted on post-partum reproductive problems in small and medium scale dairy production systems in Wolaita Sodo from October 2011 to May 2012. The objectives of the study were to identify the major clinically manifested postpartum problems, estimating the prevalence and investigating the potential risk factors related to the occurrence of postpartum problems of dairy cows in the area. From a...

Author(s): Getenet Ayele, Berhanu Mekibib and Desie Sheferaw

September 2014

Effect of precision land levelling and permanent raised bed planting on soil properties, input use efficiency, productivity and profitability under maize (Zea mays) – wheat (Triticum aestivum) cropping system

Precision land leveling with permanent raised bed planting with recommended dose of NPK can be used to improve crop yield, water and nutrient use efficiency over the existing traditional land leveling with flat beds planting with recommended dose of NPK practices. The objective of the present study was to establish an understanding of maize-wheat rotation yield and input use efficiency can be improved and how land...

Author(s): R. K. Naresh, R. S. Rathore, R. B. Yadav, S. P. Singh, A. K. Misra, V. Kumar, N. Kumar and  Raj K. Gupta

September 2014

Studies on bio-ecology and voracity of leaf roller (Diaphania indica Saunders, Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) on pointed gourd (Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.)

Field and laboratory studies have been carried out on the bio-ecology of Diaphania indica Saund. Correlation coefficient with all seven weather factors considered in the present study indicated that there existed significantly high negative correlation with five factors viz. temperature (°C), relative humidity (%), rainfall and soil temperature (°C) but bright sun shine hours that did bear significant weak...

Author(s): P. Barma and S. Jha