African Journal of
Agricultural Research

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Agric. Res.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1991-637X
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJAR
  • Start Year: 2006
  • Published Articles: 6848

Table of Content: September, 2019; 14(32)

September 2019

Evaluation of biocontrol agent and wheat straw mulch on yield and yield components of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) genotypes in Central Tigray, Northern Ethiopia

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is the 13 and 4th most important food and oil seed crops in the world. Groundnut is a source of vitamin E. However, due to low soil fertility, drought stress, fungal diseases and lack of appropriate management, production has been constrained qualitatively and quantitatively in the study area. Trichoderma harzianum and wheat straw mulch could increase the growth performance of groundnut...

Author(s): Nahom Weldu and Mashilla Dejene  

September 2019

Performance of CIP and Dutch potato varieties under Rwanda climate conditions

In attempt to develop new potato varieties with the current market lead traits, nine Dutch potato varieties namely Fabula, Panamela, Sagitta, Challenger, Sifra, Rosi, Memphis, Taurus and Derby, and International Potato Center (CIP) varieties Kinigi and Kirundo were evaluated in three Rwandan sites for two growing seasons in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with tree replications. The data collected consists of...

Author(s): Rukundo Placide, Ndacyayisenga Theophile, Ntizo Senkesha, Nshimiyima Jean Claude and Kirimi Sindi  

September 2019

Inoculation with entomopathogenic fungi reduces seed contamination, improves seed germination and growth of chilli seedlings

The use of entomopathogenic fungi is a common practice for integrated pest management. It has recently been observed that they also play a role as growth promoters and plant disease antagonism. In this study, the effect of inoculation with two strains of Beauveria bassiana [(Bals.-Criv.) Vuill. 1912] (strains BB42 and BB09) and two strains of Metarhizium anisopliae [(Metschn.) Sorokīn 1883] (strains MA25 and MA28) on...

Author(s): Emmanuel Ortiz Espinoza, Fabiola Villegas Rodríguez, Pablo Delgado Sánchez, Luisa Eugenia del Socorro Hernández Arteaga, José Marín Sánchez,  Hugo Magdaleno Ramírez Tobías and Federico Villarreal Guerrero  

September 2019

Evaluation of the systemic action of neem (Azadirachta indica A. juss) seed products against the desert locust immature Schistocerca gregaria (Forskal) (Orthoptera: Acrididae)

The current study was done to investigate the potential of the systemic growth regulatory effects of various neem seeds products against immature stages of desert locust infesting potted millet plants in Sudan. The tests also covered the stability of the systemic action of neem seed powder (NSP) under conditions of water stress. Some (33-80%) of the exposed nymphs developed to the third stage without further moulting....

Author(s): Azhari Omer Abdelbagi, Magzoub Nour El Huda El Amin, Abd Elaziz Sulieman Ahmed Ishag and Ahmed Mohammed Ali Hammad  

September 2019

Use of temporary immersion bioreactors on in vitro culture of cactus pear

This work was conducted with the objective of evaluating the performance of cactus pear cultivars on in vitro culture using bioreactors and the conventional method. The treatments were arranged in a 3 × 2 factorial scheme with a completely randomized design, and the three cactus pear cultivars (Orelha de elefante mexicana, Miúda and IPA-Sertânia) were combined with two micropropagation methods...

Author(s): Luciana Cardoso Nogueira Londe, Wander Silva Viana, Selma Silva Rocha, Pedro Gustavo M. de Araújo, Jéssica Guerra Calaes, Júlio César Gomes Pereira and Nívio  Poubel Gonçalves  

September 2019

Wheat response to water stress condition at different growth stages in Amibara, Ethiopia

To evaluate the effect of water stress at different crop growth stages on yield, yield components and water use efficiency, a field experiment was carried out in 2015/2016, 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 for bread wheat (Gambo variety) at Werer Agricultural Research Center. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications having 15 experimental treatments. Combination of water...

Author(s): Jemal M. Hassen, Wondimu T., Fikadu R. Borena, Kebede N., Niguse A. and Elias K. Hailu  

September 2019

Soil chemical indicators and nutrient cycling variations across sequential years of rice cultivation: A case study of floodplain conditions of the Amazon, Brazil

To meet the rising food demand for next generations, soils are needed to stand biological yield and promote animal, plant and human welfare. In this logic, the aim of the study was to determine the effects of different soil uses; (a) successive irrigated rice planting and (b) different soil management practices onto soil chemical properties and nutrient cycling. The study was carried out in areas with dissimilar years...

Author(s): Luis Sanchez, Valdinar Melo, Taline Nunes, Diego Portalanza, Angelica Durigon and Simón Farah  

September 2019

Local knowledge of pumpkin production, performance and utilization systems for value addition avenues from selected agro-ecological zones of Uganda

Pumpkin is one of the underutilized fruit vegetables in Uganda despite the fact that it has wide spectrum of both nutritional and medicinal values. A survey was carried out to document local knowledge of pumpkin production; performance and utilization systems to aid the selection of pumpkin varieties to be used for particular value addition avenues. It was observed that twelve varieties of pumpkin are commonly grown and...

Author(s): Immaculate Nakazibwe, Rapheal Wangalwa, Eunice Apio Olet and Grace Rugunda Kagoro  

September 2019

Assessing fish production, demand and supply in the selected districts of North Shewa Zone, Ethiopia

This study was aimed to assess fish production, supply and demand in selected districts of North Shewa Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia to generate base-line data that would help in the proper and sustainable utilization of fishery and water resources. Structured and semi structured questionnaires were employed as a means of data collection tools. Respondents from five districts that is, Merhabete, Menz Mama, Menz...

Author(s): Birhanu Kapital  

September 2019

Botanical control of cultivated plants of Lippia chevalieri Moldenke (Verbenaceae)

In Mali, the Malarial-5 which is an improved traditional medicine (ITM) made partly with the leaves of Lippia chevalieri is used to treat symptoms of uncomplicated malaria. One of the issues related to the production of this ITM is the quality of the raw material. The present work aimed to control the quality of the leaves from cultivated plants of L. chevalieri. This study was carried out from 2015 to 2016 in Mali. The...

Author(s): M. L. Diarra, S. M. Dembélé, A. Dénou, M. Haïdara, N. Ballo, B. L. Coulibaly, R. Sanogo, M. Traoré, D. Diallo, and K. Noba    

September 2019

Farmers’ insecticide use practices and species composition and abundance of thrips species (Thysanoptera: Thripidae) on onion in the Rift Valley of Ethiopia

A survey was conducted in 2016 in the major onion producing areas of the Ethiopian Central Rift Valley. A structured questionnaire was used to assess farmers’ management practices with a focus on the use of insecticides. Plant samples were collected to assess species composition of thrips and their abundance. Results showed that insecticides were the only control methods for onion growers to control thrips...

Author(s): Belete Negash, Ferdu Azerefegne and Gashawbeza Ayalew  

September 2019

Grain quality and nitrogen use efficiency of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties in response to nitrogen fertilizer in Arsi highlands, southeastern Ethiopia

Field experiments were conducted in 2017/18 cropping season at Kulumsa Research Center Farm (OnS) and on farmer’s (OnF) field to assess the effect of N fertilizer rates on grain quality and NUE of bread wheat (Lemu and Wane) varieties. Factorial combinations of Lemu and Wane varieties and five N rates (0, 46, 92,138 and 184 kg N ha-1) were laid out in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The...

Author(s): Dereje Dobocha, Girma Abera and Wegayehu Worku  

September 2019

Aggressiveness of Phaeoisariopsis griseola isolates and reaction of common bean varieties to the isolates under greenhouse conditions

Angular leaf spot caused by Phaeoisariopsis griseola is one of the most destructive diseases on common bean in Southern and Southwestern parts of Ethiopia. However, systematic and focus studies were lacking to this important disease. Therefore, greenhouse study was conducted to test aggressiveness of P. griseola isolates and evaluate resistance reactions of bean varieties to pathogenic isolates. 55 leaf samples were...

Author(s): Misganaw Aytenfsu, Habtamu Terefe and Getachew Ayana  

September 2019

Cleome gynandra L. origin, taxonomy and morphology: A review

Cleome gynandra L. is one of the traditional leafy vegetables in Africa and Asia providing essential minerals and vitamins to the diet and income of resource poor communities. Despite these benefits, the crop has not been studied extensively resulting in lack of scientific information to guide crop improvement research and associated agronomic practices. The taxonomy of the crop, its reproductive behaviour, genome size,...

Author(s): Oshingi Shilla, Fekadu Fufa Dinssa, Emmanuel Otunga Omondi, Traud Winkelmann and Mary Oyiela Abukutsa-Onyango  

September 2019

Factors influencing the level of commercialization among smallholder cassava farmers in Taita-Taveta and Kilifi Counties, Kenya

Commercialization of farm produce is a decision made at the household level. However, the decision is influenced by different socio-economic and institutional factors which in turn affect the level of commercialization. Therefore, cassava farmers in Taita-Taveta and Kilifi counties participate in the market at different commercialization levels due to their difference in market orientation. The Household...

Author(s): Amos Nyangira Tirra, Willis Oluoch-Kosura, Hillary Nyanganga and Agnes W. Mwang’ombe  

September 2019

Assessing yield stability and adaptability of Andean common bean genotypes in the semi-arid environment of Botswana

Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is a vital source of nutrients worldwide. It is one of the most consumed grain legume in Botswana. Fourteen Andean common bean genotypes were evaluated in four environments (two seasons and two diverse agro-ecologies) to determine the effect of genotype and environment interaction and yield stability. The genotypes were grown in a randomized complete block design with three...

Author(s): Odireleng O. Molosiwa, Joseph Pharudi, Seipati Seketeme, Patrick Mashiqa and Rowland Chirwa  

September 2019

Heritability of reversion from Sweet potato feathery mottle virus infection in sweetpotato

Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) causes 50% yield losses in sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas). However, some cultivars have been observed to become SPFMV free following initial infection, a phenomenon termed reversion. The heritability of reversion from virus infections in sweetpotato remains unclear. This study is aimed at determining heritability of reversion from SPFMV in progeny of crossed reverting and...

Author(s): Alexander Ssamula, Geofrey Ogwal, Anthony Okiror, Brasio Settumba Mukasa and Peter Wasswa  

September 2019

Yield prediction under associated millet and cowpea crops in the Sahelian zone

Dekads in the prediction of yields under associated millet and cowpea crops were studied in three localities located in the Sahelian zone. Multiple linear regressions was applied to create predictive models based on variables extracted from the decadal Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) image series from the SPOT VEGETATION satellite, the GeoWRSI tool, and the recorded ground rainfall. The earliest forecast...

Author(s): Yahaya Mounkaila,  Issa Garba and Baragé Moussa  

September 2019

Vegetative and enzymatic analysis of the initial stages of Coffea arabica L. grown from seeds treated with humic substances

Arabica coffee is a perennial crop usually propagated by seeds, which must be healthy and able to form normal plants. The objective of this study was to analyze the vegetative and enzymatic reactions in the initial stages of Arabica coffee seedlings treated with different humic substances and at different concentrations. A germination test was conducted with Arabica coffee seeds of the Topazio MG 1190 cultivar using...

Author(s): Hariana Paula Alves de Azevedo, Alex Mendonça de Carvalho, Mariana Thereza Rodrigues Viana, Carlos Alberto Silva, Heloisa Oliveira dos Santos and Joyce Doria Rodrigues