In vitro and in vivo antifungal evaluations were carried out on twenty-one plants selected from fourteen families on a folial pathogen of para rubber, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz). Sac. Extracts of Ocimum basilicum L. and Allium sativumL. exhibited total inhibitory effects on the mycelial growth of C. Gloeosporioides. An evaluation of concentration effects was carried out using four concentrations of five selected plants: A. sativum, Jatropha curcas, O. Basilicum, Vernonia amygdalinaand Ageratum conyzoides. A. sativum and O. basilicum totally inhibited conidial germination 24 h after inoculation, and conidial germination in liquid amended media was recorded only in the A. conyzoides amended liquid media. An in vivo evaluation showed that treatment with 100% O. basilicum resulted in disease index (D.I) of 31.7% which was significantly lower than the control 65% D.I at 5% level of probability.
Key words: Colletotrichum gloeosporiodes, Hevea brasiliensis, plant extracts, inhibition.
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