African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12275

Perspective

Nanoscale development and its application in multidisciplinary area: An African perspective

Anza-vhudziki Mboyi
  • Anza-vhudziki Mboyi
  • Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Arcadia Campus, P/Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Ilunga Kamika
  • Ilunga Kamika
  • Department of Environmental Sciences, University of South Africa, PO Box 392 UNISA 0003, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar
Maggy N. B. Momba
  • Maggy N. B. Momba
  • Department of Environmental, Water and Earth Sciences, Faculty of Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Arcadia Campus, P/Bag X680, Pretoria 0001, South Africa.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 03 February 2016
  •  Accepted: 30 December 2016
  •  Published: 01 February 2017

Abstract

The need to fulfil and address the United Nations millennium goals in developing countries is essential and recently nanotechnology has proved and shown potential to change and improve many sectors of African industry, from consumer products to health care to transportation, energy and agriculture. In addition to these societal benefits, nanotechnology presents new opportunities to improve how we measure, monitor, manage, and minimize contaminants in the environment. This article then provides an extensive review of research needs for both environmental applications and implications of nanotechnology in Africa countries. The review evaluates water purification technology, nano health, food security and risk assessment. It was concluded that, nanotechnology is the future solution, however, countries must embrace the emerging technology with symbiotic involvement with scientific, industrial and institutional sectors.

 

Key words: Nanotechnology, nanoparticles, African countries, risk assessment.