African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12227

Full Length Research Paper

Application of a high density adsorbent in expanded bed adsorption of lipase from Burkholderia pseudomallei

Hor Shee Yong1, Beng Ti Tey2, Siew Ling Hii3, Siti Mazlina Mustapa Kamal1,Arbakariya Ariff4 and Tau Chuan Ling1*
  1Department of Process and Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 2Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. 3Faculty of Engineering and Science, University Tunku Abdul Rahman, 53300 Setapak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 4Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 11 May 2009
  •  Published: 11 January 2010

Abstract

 

The application of STREAMLINE Direct HST adsorbent in expanded bed adsorption of lipase from Burkholderia pseudomallei was explored in this study. Scouting of optimum binding and elution condition was performed in batch binding mode. Theaddition of 0.2 M salt in acetate buffer (pH 5) during adsorption has increased thespecificity and quantity of lipase binding onto the adsorbent. The addition of 0.4 M salt in phosphate buffer (pH 7) achieved the highest purification fold (2.5) in elution. The high density of the adsorbent allowed the EBA to be operated at linear velocityas high as 657 cm/h with feedstock containing 4.5% (w/v) wet biomass. The Richardson-Zaki correlation obtained for this EBA system at the presence of 4.5% (w/v) wet biomass is 5.14, a value closed to the laminar flow regime of 4.8, demonstrated that a stable bed is achieved under this operating condition.Meanwhile, a flow velocity of 343 cm/h with bed expansion of 3.2 gave highest dynamic binding capacity (4979.28 U/ml) and productivity (61.52 U/ml.min) for this EBA operation. It also demonstrated that biomass concentration up to 4.5% (w/v) wet weight showed slightly drop of sorption efficiency (0.82) compared to lower biomass concentration (0.94). Further increase of biomass concentration above 4.5% (w/v) wet weight has greatly decreased the equilibrium and dynamic capacity. Application of high density adsorbent tolerated to high density and biomass has reduced the processing time and increased the productivity.  

 

Key words: Expanded bed adsorption, lipase, adsorbent, Burkholderia pseudomallei, high density.