African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12300

Full Length Research Paper

Effects of manganese, 2,5-xylidine, veratryl alcohol and tween 80 on the production of ligninolytic enzymes by Ceriporiopsis subvermispora

Robson A. Faria, Adriane M. F. Milagres and Walter Carvalho*
Universidade de Sao Paulo, Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Departamento de Biotecnologia.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Received: 15 January 2015
  •  Accepted: 06 May 2015
  •  Published: 13 May 2015

Abstract

The effects of adding manganese, 2,5-xylidine, veratryl alcohol and Tween 80 in a culture medium used for the production of ligninolytic enzymes by polyurethane foam-immobilized Ceriporiopsis subvermispora were studied. While 11 ppm Mn2+ promoted the highest maximum activity of manganese peroxidase (108.0 ± 43.3 U/L, in the 6th day of cultivation), the medium without manganese led to the highest maximum activity of laccase (15.5 ± 2.1 U/L, in the 12th day of cultivation). By supplementing the medium containing 11 ppm Mn2+ with 1.0 mM 2,5-xylidine, it was possible to improve the maximum activity of laccase to 21.5 ± 4.9 U/L. The supplementation of the medium containing 11 ppm Mn2+ with 1.0 mM veratryl alcohol, in turn, led to an apparent second peak of MnP activity (110.0 ± 1.4 U/L, in the 24th day of cultivation; compared to 147.5 ± 60.1 U/L, in the 9th day of cultivation). When the medium containing 11 ppm Mn2+ and 1.0 mM 2,5-xylidine was supplemented with 0.05% (v/v) Tween 80, the maximum activities of Lac and MnP reached 53.3 ± 17.7 U/L (21st day of cultivation) and 174.8 ± 1.4 U/L (9th day of cultivation), respectively. During the cultivations, the exhaustion of glucose in the medium promoted nutritional stress, which, in turn, led to cell autolysis; reflected by an apparent reduction in the concentration of mycelium, and by an increase in the concentration of ammonium. The concentrations of extracellular proteins increased throughout the cultivations; such concentrations, however, did not generally exhibit good correlations with the measured enzyme activities.

 

Key words: Ceriporiopsis subvermispora, manganese, 2,5-xylidine, veratryl alcohol, Tween 80; manganese peroxidase, laccase.

 

Abbreviation

Lac, Laccase; MnP, manganese peroxidase; DNS, 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid.