African Journal of

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12081

Full Length Research Paper

Phenolic components, antioxidant activity, and mineral analysis of Capparis spinosa L

Rezzan Aliyazicioglu1*, Ozan Emre Eyupoglu2, Huseyin Sahin2, Oktay Yildiz3, Nimet Baltas4
1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey. 2Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey. 3Maçka Vocational School, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080 Trabzon, Turkey. 4Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Recep Tayyip Erdo─čan University, 53100 Rize, Turkey.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 10 October 2013
  •  Published: 18 November 2013


In addition to being consumed as food, caper (Capparis spinosa L.) fruits are also used in folk medicine to treat inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatism. C. spinosa L. is rich in phenolic compounds, making it increasingly popular because of its components’ potential benefits to human health. We analyzed a number of individual phenolic compounds and investigated in vitro biological activities of C. spinosa L. Sixteen phenolic constituents were identified using reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). Total phenolic compounds (TPCs), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity were used as determinants of antioxidant capacity. C. spinosa L. exhibited strong antioxidant activity and contained high levels of antioxidant compounds. Gentisic, sinapic and benzoic acid were detected in C. spinosa L. No gallic acid, proto-catechuic acid, proto-catechuic aldehyde, chlorogenic acid, p-OH benzoic acid, vanillic acid, caffeic acid, syringic acid, vanillin, syringaldehyde, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid or rosmarinic acid were identified. Iron and zinc were present at high levels in samples. C. spinosa L. appears to be a good source of antioxidants and minerals that might serve to protect health and combat several diseases.


Key words: Antioxidant, capers, Capparis spinosa L., phenolics.


Abbreviations: DW, Dry weight; RP-HPLC, reverse phase-high performance liquid chromatography; TPC, total phenolic compounds; FRAP, ferric-reducing/antioxidant power; DPPH, 2,2-Diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl; GAE, gallic acid equivalents; TPTZ, 2,4,6-tripyridyl-s-triazine; BHT, butylated hydroxytoluene; ROS, reactive oxygen species.