The toxigenesis of one Penicillium aurantiogriseum and one Penicillium viridicatumisolates was investigated. Sterile culture filtrates of both fungi had a clear antibacterial effect only against Bacillus subtilis. The effect on B. subtilis varied with amount of filtrate used and temperature. The antibacterial activity of chloroform extracts varied with the nature of media used to grow the fungi. Different mycotoxins were identified in the fungal cultures using thin-layer chromatography. P. aurantiogriseum was found to produce penicillic acid, terrestric acid and aurantiamine, while penicillic acid, terrestric acid, brevianamide A and xanthomegnin were produced by P. viridicatum.
Key words: P. aurantiogriseum, P. viridicatum, mycotoxins, antibacterial activity.
ANIS: Solution of p-anisaldehyde in absolute ethanol - glacial acetic acid -concentrated sulfuric acid; CYA: Czapeck Yeast extract Agar; ENS: École Normale Supérieure; MB: Malt Broth; MEA: Malt Extract Agar; Nm: Nanometre;RF: Migration forehead; TLC: Thin Layer Chromatographie; TYG: Tryptone Yeast extract Glucose; YES: Yeast Extract Sucrose.
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