African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12392

Full Length Research Paper

Cost effective medium for in vitro propagation of Tanzanian cassava landraces

Christina Edward Kidulile
  • Christina Edward Kidulile
  • Department of Biotechnology, Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Box 6226, Dar es salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Amos Emitat Alakonya
  • Amos Emitat Alakonya
  • Institute for Biotechnology Research, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P. O. Box, 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar
Joseph Canisius Ndunguru
  • Joseph Canisius Ndunguru
  • Department of Biotechnology, Mikocheni Agricultural Research Institute, P. O. Box 6226, Dar es salaam, Tanzania.
  • Google Scholar
Elijah Miinda Ateka
  • Elijah Miinda Ateka
  • Department of Horticulture, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, P. O. Box 62000-00200, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Google Scholar


  •  Received: 15 December 2017
  •  Accepted: 03 April 2018
  •  Published: 20 June 2018

Abstract

Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for over 800 million people in the tropics. However, its production is constrained by an inadequate supply of clean planting materials. Tissue culture carried out in laboratories is one established method for the mass production of clean planting materials. However, the cost of conventional tissue culture is high and the cassava industry would benefit from an alternative means of propagation. In the current study, a cost-effective protocol for micropropagation of the farmer-preferred cassava landraces ‘Kibandameno’ and ‘Paja la mzee’ in Tanzania was evaluated. Ammonium fertilizer, potassium fertilizer, epsom salt, monopotassium phosphate and calcinit were used as alternative source to conventional Murashige and Skoog (MS) macronutrients, while Stanes Iodized Microfood® was used as alternative to MS micronutrients. Nodal cuttings of the 2 cultivars were initiated in either conventional MS or cost-effective medium supplemented with 20 g/l table sugar and 3 g/L agar. Conventional MS was used as the control in this study. Four parameters namely plant height, number of leaves, number of nodes and number of roots were recorded from the two media and the differences were determined. For all 4 parameters, both cultivars performed better in the cost-effective medium as compared to conventional MS. More than 75% of plantlets acclimatized to greenhouse conditions from both types of media survived. The cost of production of cassava plantlets in both types of media was then calculated and compared. The use of the cost effective medium led to a cost reduction of 93% over conventional MS medium, which makes it a feasible and attractive alternative for growers. 

Key words: In vitro culture, cassava, cost-effective medium, Tanzania, tissue culture, Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium.