African Journal of
Biotechnology

  • Abbreviation: Afr. J. Biotechnol.
  • Language: English
  • ISSN: 1684-5315
  • DOI: 10.5897/AJB
  • Start Year: 2002
  • Published Articles: 12294

Full Length Research Paper

Nutritive value of some Cucurbitaceae oil seeds from different regions in Cameroon

Mercy Bih Achu1*, Elie Fokou1, Clergé Tchiégang2, Martin Fotso3, Felicité Mbiapo Tchouanguep4  
1Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, P. O. Box 812, University of Yaounde I, Cameroon. 2ENSAI/IUT, Ngaoundere, Cameroon. 3CRAN, IMPM, Ministry of Scientific and Technical Research, Yaounde, Cameroon. 4Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Cameroon.
Email: [email protected]

  •  Accepted: 01 September 2005
  •  Published: 30 November 2005

Abstract

The nutritive value of five species of Cucurbitaceae (egusi) seeds from different bio-climatic regions in Cameroon was studied. These seeds are Cucumeropsis mannii,Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita moschata, Lagenaria siceraria and Cucumis sativus. The results show that the nutritional value of these seeds does not depend on the climatic region but on the species. Their moisture, crude fibre and ash levels are similar to those of soybean, peanuts, sesame and sunflower seeds, but their carbohydrate levels are lower. The Cucurbitaceae seeds and their defatted cakes are rich in proteins (28 to 40.49 and 61 to 73.59% respectively). They also contain high lipid levels similar to those of the other oilseeds. These seeds can thus be considered as sources of proteins and oils.

 

Key words: Cucurbitaceae, nutritive value, different bio-climatic regions.